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The Mongolian - a nightmare of the Turk 1

Reader comment on item: Turkey in Cyprus vs. Israel in Gaza
in response to reader comment: Genghis Khan & Co

Submitted by Ianus (Poland), Jul 25, 2010 at 17:34

Ystäväni Ugri,

Thanks for your flattering comment but definitely I do not deserve so much praise.

Now you would like one point to be clarified :

" Now one thought has begun to haunt my mind: the influence of Genghis Khan on the origin of Turkish population" .

As far as my limited competence allows I'll address the problem which might be a good subject for a PhD thesis , I am sure.

In short , if there is any influence of the Mongols on the Turks it is that of enmity , rivalry and war and fear . True, both the Turks and the Mongolians belong to the same racial and linguistic Altaic family - together with such disparate peoples as the Yakuts, the Japanese, the Tungus or the Koreans. Their family ties broke up , however, very early and now only about 25% of non-borrowed vocabulary in the Mongolian and Turkic languages can be deduced from a common root .

Both the Turks and the Mongolians belong to the yellow Mongoloid race. The Anatolian Turks have completely lost their original race due to their notorious dysfunctional family life with such vicious institutions of harems, mass forced conversions, kidnappings of local children and mass rapes of the indigenous population. That's why they look exactly like the Greeks or the Armenians and their demi-god Ataturk had blue eyes and blond hair just like a typical Russian. To see original Turks you have to take a look at the Kyrgyz, the Kasakhs, the Uzbeks, not the mongrel Anatolians who drivel about the purity and superiority of their Turkic race to which they don't belong.

The first Turks emerge on the historical horizon in the Chinese sources of the 3nd century BC as the Hiung-Nu. In European sources they are better known as Huns and Ammianus Marcellinus describes them around 375 AD so : "The people called Huns ... are a race savage beyond all parallel... None of them plough, or even touch a plough handle; for they have no settled abode, but are homeless and lawless, perpetually wandering with their wagons, which they make their homes . In truces they are treacherous and inconstant, being liable to change their minds at every breeze of every fresh hope which presents itself, giving themselves up wholly to the impulse and inclination of the moment; and, like brute beasts, they are utterly ignorant of the distinction between right and wrong. They express themselves with great ambiguity and obscurity; have no respect for any religion or superstition whatever; are immoderately covetous of gold; and are so fickle and irascible that they very often, on the sameday that they quarrel with their companions without any provocation, again become reconciled to them without any mediator. This active and indomitable race, being excited by an unrestrainable desire of plundering the possessions of others, went on ravaging and slaughtering all the nations in their neighborhood ". (Res gestae , 31-2 )

Ammianus' words seem to be in a strange way still valid when we speak about the Huns' younger and worthy brothers and followers - the Turks , don't they ?

After the Huns Southern and Eastern Europe and Byzantium were afflicted by the successive waves of Turkic barbarians from Asia such as the Avars, the Bulgars , the Khasars, the Pechenegs, the Cumans in while the Turkic tribes also hugely expanded in the the Eastern direction across the vast Asian steppes forming large Khaganates stretching from Manchuria to the shores of the Black Sea. In fact the first written record of the Turkic language comes from the 7th century from the Orkhon and Yenissei valley and belongs to one of these khaganates . They were written using the Iranian Sogdian runes as the primitive Turkic nomads were greatly influenced by the Iranian and Chinese civilization . E.g. the Turkic terms for metals like gold and silver have the Chinese etymology while most names for dometis animals are Iranian in origin.

These Turkic khaganates were short-lived creations though as they had no durable institutions beoynd personal ties so that different tribes could not be loyal and kept together except by the power of a lucky and ruthless khan . The first (Turkut) khagante broke up around after a short existence in 583 AD into the Eastern (the Orkhon Valley ) and the Western Khagante (the Talas valley ) . Aroudn 745 the Eastern Khaganate was defeated by the Iranianized Uyghurs who themselves were Manichaeans in faith. The Uyghur khaganate was destroyed by the Kyrgyz who expanded from the Upper Yenissei around 840 . The Uyghurs fled to Eastern Turkstean where they are still living now causing so much problems for the Chinese with their later aquired Moslem faith.

The decline of the power of the Turkic tribes in the east began in the 10th century as their expansion was first checked and later pushed by by the emerging Mongolian tribes from Manchuria and South Eastern Siberia. First the Mongolian Kidanais founded a powerful state called "Khatai" from which the ancient name for China "Kathay" is derived . This state collapsed in the 12th century and in the subsequent vacuum a Mongolian tribe called "Khakhla" began to make different scattered Mongolian clans and tribes dependent upon themselves and a certain chieftain Cabul gained renown by waging successful wars with the Chinese and other rival Mongolian tribes like the Tatars. True, he ended tragically but one of his successors was a man called Temuchin alias Genghis Khan.

His rise to power meant the most humiliating defeats and disatsers for the whole Islamic world including the Moslem Turks as the Mongolinas were shamanists and treated the Moslems with utmost ferocity. Despite superstitious Moslem warnings they annihilated the Abbasid Caliphate by sewing up the last caliph in a sack and letting their horses run over him.

Now the Moslem Seljuk Turks were not spared by the Mongolians either. The Mongolians entered Anatolia and in 1243 at the battle of Kösedağ Sultan Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev and his troops were virtually decimated by the Mongolians . The sultanate became a vassals of the Mongolians just like Persia became a Mongolian possession with the Il khan ruling over it and letting Buddhist and Christian temples be built in Moslem cities and towns which was unthinkable udner the shariah . Thus the Seljuks became powerless puppets dependent in their possessions and life on the whim of their Mongolian overlords. This practically paralyzed the Sultanate of Iconium making it break up into independent but weak emirates and fiefs.

It is very interesting that also the Ottomans' origins were due to the Mongolians and in a very twisted way. The Kai tribesmen who were to produce Osman the founder of the Ottoman dysnasty were nomads from around the banks of the Balkh river in what is now Afghanistan. When the first rumours of the advance of the Mongolians of Genghis Khan arrived to them, they were seized with panic fear and fled from their homeland as fast as they could. First they served for the the Khoresmshah Djallal ad Din but when the Mongols got at him the Kai tribesmen didn't wait to see his end but fled on under the leadership of Ertogrul , father of Osman , beyond the montains first to Syria and later to safer Anatolia. Erogrul first received a small fief from the Sultan near Ankara and later more westwards near the Byzantine province of Bithynia with the obligation to wage jihad against the infidels. Now when the Mongolians enslaved the Sultanate this small Bythynian beylik or fief became also independent of Iconium and thus first Ertogrul Gazi and then his son Osman Gazi started their gazawat (jihad) against the Greek infidels on their own with growing success profiting from civil wars and internal weaknesses of the Greeks .

It is how the Ottoman empire started - as a panic flight before the Mongolians and a rage of revenge in the name of Allah and pent-up inferiority complexes of the gazis fighting against the Greeks who turned out to be an easier nut to crack than the tougher infidel Mongolians. At any case , inferiority complexes of teh Turk have played a major role in the the Turkish expansionism and jihadism.

I'll write a few words about how Tamerlan destroyed and enslaved the Ottoman empire later on.

Submitting....

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