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Absolute Origination, Creation of the material World and Divine Management.......[Shah Wali Allah s' thought to be more widely Known]

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Submitted by Bilawal (Pakistan), Apr 24, 2008 at 08:55

"Absolute Origination , Creation of the Material World and Divine Management"

Be informed that God has three attributes in relation to the bringing into being of the world, each presupposing the other. One of them is Absolute Origination(Ibda) which means the bringing into being of something from nothing, so that a thing comes out from the concealment of non-being without there being ant matter. The prophet Of God, Muhammad(Salla Allah Alai Wasallm) was asked about the beginning of Creation. He replied, " There was God and there was nothing before him".

The Second attribute is the Creation of the Material World(Khalq), which is the bringing into being of something from something else, as He Created Adam (Alai As-Sallam) from clay and "He created the jinn from smokeless fire." Both reason and revealed tradition indicate that God, may He be exalted, created the world into species and gener and made certain specific properties, particular to each species and genus. Thus, for example, the species of man has its specific properties of speech, a bare skin, an upright stature, and the faculty of understanding speech; while the species horse has its specific properties of neighing, having hair on its skin, a curved body, and the inability to understand speech. Similarly the specific property of ginger is to kill the man who takes it, the specific property of ginger is warmth and dryness, that of camphor is coolness, and all the species of minerals, plants and animals consistently follow this pattern.

The Habit of God has been that these specific properties are never divorced from the things by which they were particularized and the distinctive features of individuals are specified by these characteristics and individuated by certain of their general possibilities.

Similarly, the distingushing characteristics of the genera are specified by the specific properties of their species. The significances of those names which are logically ordered according to generality and specificity such as "inanimate matter" , "plant, "animal, "man" and "this particular individual" are intermingled and interwined at first glance; but subsequently reason percieves the distinctions among them and ascribes every specific property to that to which it belongs.

The prophet ,Muhammad(Salla Allah Alai Wasallm), explained the specific properties of many types of things and ascribed their effects to them, as in his saying, "talbiina gives rest to the heart of the sick person," or in Nigella seed there is a cure for every illness except death." and in his saying about camels s' urine and milk "a cure for diarrhea," and in his saying that there is "Heat" in a purgative grass (Shubrum).

The third of these Creative attributs of God is the divine management (tadbiir) of the world of engendered things, and this goes back to rendering the occurrences of this world in conformity with the system , which His Divine wisdom approves, so that it will attain the benificial purpose (maslaha) Which His Divine generosity required.

For Example, He sent down rain from the clouds and with it brought forth the plants of Earth for the people and herds to eat, and this became cause for their living untill the appointed time. Abraham ( Alai as- Sallam) , was thrown into the fire, and God made it "cool and wholesome" so that he would remain alive.

Similarly, Job (Alai as-sallam), had a confluence of diseased matter in his body, so God brought forth a spring containing a cure for his illness. Likewise God , may He be Exalted, looked upon the people of the Earth and found them abominable, both Arabs and Non- Arabs, so He revealed to His prophet Muhammad (Salla Allah Alai wasallm), the need to warn them and struggle against them in order to bring out whomever He willed from the Darkness into the Light.

Furthur, The Great Quran has explained the types of Divine management in a way that cannot be surpassed.

Shah Wali Allah cites the Quranic verse ,"Indeed, the conclusive argument is from God,"(Quran 6:149), from which the title of this work is derived.

It is better to share the Knowledge rather than commenting others in a discourtious way. Better we be well mannered wherever we are, no matters forum or anywhere else.


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