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in response to reader comment: When the victim is the last one to realize that he is also a victim

Submitted by b. soetoro (Indonesia), Nov 4, 2012 at 00:26

This the facts:

Rawagede massacre

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rt of a series on the History of Indonesia Prehistory Early kingdoms Kutai 4th century Tarumanagara 358–669 Kalingga 6th–7th Srivijaya 7th–13th Sunda Kingdom 669–1579 Medang Kingdom 752–1045 Singhasari 1222–1292 Majapahit 1293–1500 Rise of Muslim states Spread of Islam 1200–1600 Pasai 1267–1521 Ternate Sultanate 1257–present Malacca Sultanate 1400–1511 Cirebon Sultanate 1445–1677 Demak Sultanate 1475–1548 Aceh Sultanate 1496–1903 Pagaruyung Kingdom 1500–1825 Banten Sultanate 1526–1813 Mataram Sultanate 1500s–1700s European colonisation Portuguese 1512–1850 Dutch East India Co. 1602–1800 Dutch East Indies 1800–1942 Emergence of Indonesia National Awakening 1908–1942 Japanese occupation 1942–1945 National Revolution 1945–1950 Independence Liberal democracy 1950–1957 Guided Democracy 1957–1965 Transition 1965–1966 New Order 1966–1998 Reformasi 1998–present Timeline

The Rawagede massacre was committed by Dutch armed forces on 9 December 1947 in the village of Rawagede (now Balongsari in West Java), during Operatie Product. Dutch forces were deployed in the East Indies to try and retain them as a Dutch colony. They were fighting Indonesian Republicans seeking independence for Indonesia. Almost all males from the village, amounting to 431 men according to most estimates, were killed by the Dutch military, since the people of the village would not tell where the Indonesian independence fighter Lukas Kustario was hiding.

Although Dutch army general Spoor recommended that the responsible officer, Major Alphons Wijnen, be prosecuted, no criminal investigation was started. A report from the United Nations published on 12 January 1948 called the killings "deliberate and merciless".[1]

On 8 September 2008, 10 survivors of the massacre officially held the Netherlands responsible for the massacre. The state lawyer replied in a letter published on 24 November 2008, that the Netherlands "deeply regrets" the massacre, but that it believes the term for prosecution had expired. This has drawn some criticism among MPs, as well as among leading Dutch newspaper NRC Handelsblad, who argued in an editorial that there is no such thing as a statute of limitations on war crimes.[2]

In December 2009, the 10 survivors decided to sue the Dutch state in court.[1] The court decided on 14 September 2011 that the crime due to its extraordinary nature is not subject to a statute of limitations, and thus held the Dutch state fully accountable for the damages caused.[3]

On December 9, 2011, the Dutch ambassador for Indonesia stated: "We remember the members of your families and those of your fellow villagers who died 64 years ago through the actions of the Dutch military." "On behalf of the Dutch government, I apologize for the tragedy that took place." Only 9 relatives are still alive and will receive Euro 20,000 ($27,000) compensation each, but there is no schedule for these payments.[


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