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Israel-Jordan Peace Negotiations: Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace (October 26, 1994)

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Israel-Jordan Peace Negotiations:
Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace

(October 26, 1994)

Israel-Jordan Negotiations: Table of Contents | Washington Declaration | Free Trade Accord

PREAMBLE

The Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan:

Bearing in mind the Washington Declaration, signed by them on 25th July, 1994, and which they are both committed to honour;

Aiming at the achievement of a just, lasting and comprehensive peace in the Middle East based an Security Council resolutions 242 and 338 in all their aspects;

Bearing in mind the importance of maintaining and strengthening peace based on freedom, equality, justice and respect for fundamental human rights, thereby overcoming psychological barriers and promoting human dignity;

Reaffirming their faith in the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and recognising their right and obligation to live in peace with each other as well as with all states, within secure and recognised boundaries;

Desiring to develop friendly relations and co-operation between them in accordance with the principles of international law governing international relations in time of peace;

Desiring as well to ensure lasting security for both their States and in particular to avoid threats and the use of force between them;

Bearing in mind that in their Washington Declaration of 25th July, 1994, they declared the termination of the state of belligerency between them;

Deciding to establish peace between them in accordance with this Treaty of Peace;

Have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE 1

ESTABLISHMENT OF PEACE

Peace is hereby established between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (the "Parties") effective from the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty.

ARTICLE 2

GENERAL PRINCIPLES

The Parties will apply between them the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law governing relations among states in times of peace. In particular:

  1. They recognise and will respect each other's sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence;
  2. They recognise and will respect each other's right to live in peace within secure and recognised boundaries;
  3. They will develop good neighbourly relations of co-operation between them to ensure lasting security, will refrain from the threat or use of force against each other and will settle all disputes between them by peaceful means;
  4. They respect and recognise the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every state in the region;
  5. They respect and recognise the pivotal role of human development and dignity in regional and bilateral relationships;
  6. They further believe that within their control, involuntary movements of persons in such a way as to adversely prejudice the security of either Party should not be permitted.

ARTICLE 3

INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY

  1. The international boundary between Israel and Jordan is delimited with reference to the boundary definition under the Mandate as is shown in Annex I (a), on the mapping materials attached thereto and co-ordinates specified therein.
  2. The boundary, as set out in Annex I (a), is the permanent, secure and recognised international boundary between Israel and Jordan, without prejudice to the status of any territories that came under Israeli military government control in 1967.
  3. The parties recognise the international boundary, as well as each other's territory, territorial waters and airspace, as inviolable, and will respect and comply with them.
  4. The demarcation of the boundary will take place as set forth in Appendix (I) to Annex I and will be concluded not later than nine months after the signing of the Treaty.
  5. It is agreed that where the boundary follows a river, in the event of natural changes in the course of the flow of the river as described in Annex I (a), the boundary shall follow the new course of the flow. In the event of any other changes the boundary shall not be affected unless otherwise agreed.
  6. Immediately upon the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty, each Party will deploy on its side of the international boundary as defined in Annex I (a).
  7. The Parties shall, upon the signature of the Treaty, enter into negotiations to conclude, within 9 months, an agreement on the delimitation of their maritime boundary in the Gulf of Aqaba.
  8. Taking into account the special circumstances of the Naharayim/Baqura area, which is under Jordanian sovereignty, with Israeli private ownership rights, the Parties agreed to apply the provisions set out in Annex I (b).
  9. With respect to the Zofar/Al-Ghamr area, the provisions set out in Annex I (c) will apply.

ARTICLE 4

SECURITY

      1. Both Parties, acknowledging that mutual understanding and co-operation in security-related matters will form a significant part of their relations and will further enhance the security of the region, take upon themselves to base their security relations on mutual trust, advancement of joint interests and co- operation, and to aim towards a regional framework of partnership in peace.
      2. Towards that goal the Parties recognise the achievements of the European Community and European Union in the development of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) and commit themselves to the creation, in the Middle East, of a CSCME (Conference on Security and Co-operation in the Middle East).
        This commitment entails the adoption of regional models of security successfully implemented in the post World War era (along the lines of the Helsinki process) culminating in a regional zone of security and stability.
    1. The obligations referred to in this Article are without prejudice to the inherent right of self-defence in accordance with the United Nations Charter.
    2. The Parties undertake, in accordance with the provisions of this Article, the following:
      1. to refrain from the threat or use of force or weapons, conventional, non-conventional or of any other kind, against each other, or of other actions or activities that adversely affect the security of the other Party;
      2. to refrain from organising, instigating, inciting, assisting or participating in acts or threats of belligerency, hostility, subversion or violence against the other Party;
      3. to take necessary and effective measures to ensure that acts or threats of belligerency, hostility, subversion or violence against the other Party do not originate from, and are not committed within, through or over their territory (hereinafter the term "territory" includes the airspace and territorial waters).
    3. Consistent with the era of peace and with the efforts to build regional security and to avoid and prevent aggression and violence, the Parties further agree to refrain from the following:
      1. joining or in any way assisting, promoting or co-operating with any coalition, organisation or alliance with a military or security character with a third party, the objectives or activities of which include launching aggression or other acts of military hostility against the other Party, in contravention of the provisions of the present Treaty.
      2. allowing the entry, stationing and operating on their territory, or through it, of military forces, personnel or materiel of a third party, in circumstances which may adversely prejudice the security of the other Party.
    4. Both Parties will take necessary and effective measures, and will co-operate in combating terrorism of all kinds. The Parties undertake:
      1. to take necessary and effective measures to prevent acts of terrorism, subversion or violence from being carried out from their territory or through it and to take necessary and effective measures to combat such activities and all their perpetrators.
      2. without prejudice to the basic rights of freedom of expression and association, to take necessary and effective measures to prevent the entry, presence and co-operation in their territory of any group or organisation, and their infrastructure, which threatens the security of the other Party by the use of or incitement to the use of, violent means.
      3. to co-operate in preventing and combating cross-boundary infiltrations.
    5. Any question as to the implementation of this Article will be dealt with through a mechanism of consultations which will include a liaison system, verification, supervision, and where necessary, other mechanisms, and higher level consultation. The details of the mechanism of consultations will be contained in an agreement to be concluded by the Parties within 3 months of the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty.
    6. The Parties undertake to work as a matter of priority, and as soon as possible in the context of the Multilateral Working Group on Arms Control and Regional Security, and jointly, towards the following:
      1. the creation in the Middle East of a region free from hostile alliances and coalitions;
      2. the creation of a Middle East free from weapons of mass destruction, both conventional and non- conventional, in the context of a comprehensive, lasting and stable peace, characterised by the renunciation of the use of force, reconciliation and goodwill.

ARTICLE 5

DIPLOMATIC AND OTHER BILATERAL RELATIONS

  1. The Parties agree to establish full diplomatic and consular relations and to exchange resident ambassadors within one month of the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty.
  2. The Parties agree that the normal relationship between them will further include economic and cultural relations.

ARTICLE 6

WATER

With the view to achieving a comprehensive and lasting settlement of all the water problems between them:

  1. The Parties agree mutually to recognise the rightful allocations of both of them in Jordan River and Yarmouk River waters and Araba/Arava ground water in accordance with the agreed acceptable principles, quantities and quality as set out in Annex II , which shall be fully respected and complied with.
  2. The Parties, recognising the necessity to find a practical, just and agreed solution to their water problems and with the view that the subject of water can form the basis for the advancement of co- operation between them, jointly undertake to ensure that the management and development of their water resources do not, in any way, harm the water resources of the other Party.
  3. The Parties recognise that their water resources are not sufficient to meet their needs. More water should be supplied for their use through various methods, including projects of regional and international co-operation.
  4. In light of paragraph 3 of this Article, with the understanding that co-operation in water-related subjects would be to the benefit of both Parties, and will help alleviate their water shortages, and that water issues along their entire boundary must be dealt with in their totality, including the possibility of trans-boundary water transfers, the Parties agree to search for ways to alleviate water shortage and to co- operate in the following fields:
    1. development of existing and new water resources, increasing the water availability including co- operation on a regional basis as appropriate, and minimising wastage of water resources through the chain of their uses;
    2. prevention of contamination of water resources;
    3. mutual assistance in the alleviation of water shortages;
    4. transfer of information and joint research and development in water-related subjects, and review of the potentials for enhancement of water resources development and use.
  5. The implementation of both Parties' undertakings under this Article is detailed in Annex II.

ARTICLE 7

ECONOMIC RELATIONS

  1. Viewing economic development and prosperity as pillars of peace, security and harmonious relations between states, peoples and individual human beings, the Parties, taking note of understandings reached between them, affirm their mutual desire to promote economic co-operation between them, as well as within the framework of wider regional economic co-operation.
  2. In order to accomplish this goal, the Parties agree to the following:
    1. to remove all discriminatory barriers to normal economic relations, to terminate economic boycotts directed at each other, and to co-operate in terminating boycotts against either Party by third parties;
    2. recognising that the principle of free and unimpeded flow of goods and services should guide their relations, the Parties will enter into negotiations with a view to concluding agreements on economic co- operation, including trade and the establishment of a free trade area, investment, banking, industrial co- operation and labour, for the purpose of promoting beneficial economic relations, based on principles to be agreed upon, as well as on human development considerations on a regional basis. These negotiations will be concluded no later than 6 months from the exchange the instruments of ratification of this Treaty.
    3. to co-operate bilaterally, as well as in multilateral forums, towards the promotion of their respective economies and of their neighbourly economic relations with other regional parties.

ARTICLE 8

REFUGEES AND DISPLACED PERSONS

  1. Recognising the massive human problems caused to both Parties by the conflict in the Middle East, as well as the contribution made by them towards the alleviation of human suffering, the Parties will seek to further alleviate those problems arising on a bilateral level.
  2. Recognising that the above human problems caused by the conflict in the Middle East cannot be fully resolved on the bilateral level, the Parties will seek to resolve them in appropriate forums, in accordance with international law, including the following:
    1. in the case of displaced persons, in a quadripartite committee together with Egypt and the Palestinians:
    2. in the case of refugees,
      1. in the framework of the Multilateral Working Group on Refugees;
      2. in negotiations, in a framework to be agreed, bilateral or otherwise, in conjunction with and at the same time as the permanent status negotiations pertaining to the territories referred to in Article 3 of this Treaty;
    3. through the implementation of agreed United Nations programmes and other agreed international economic programmes concerning refugees and displaced persons, including assistance to their settleme

ARTICLE 9

PLACES OF HISTORICAL AND RELIGIOUS SIGNIFICANCE

  1. Each party will provide freedom of access to places of religious and historical significance.
  2. In this regard, in accordance with the Washington Declaration, Israel respects the present special role of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in Muslim Holy shrines in Jerusalem. When negotiations on the permanent status will take place, Israel will give high priority to the Jordanian historic role in these shrines.
  3. The Parties will act together to promote interfaith relations among the three monotheistic religions, with the aim of working towards religious understanding, moral commitment, freedom of religious worship, and tolerance and peace.

ARTICLE 10

CULTURAL AND SCIENTIFIC EXCHANGES

The Parties, wishing to remove biases developed through periods of conflict, recognise the desirability of cultural and scientific exchanges in all fields, and agree to establish normal cultural relations between them. Thus, they shall, as soon as possible and not later than 9 months from the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty, conclude the negotiations on cultural and scientific agreements.

ARTICLE 11

MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING AND GOOD NEIGHBOURLY RELATIONS

  1. The Parties will seek to foster mutual understanding and tolerance based on shared historic values, and accordingly undertake:
    1. to abstain from hostile or discriminatory propaganda against each other, and to take all possible legal and administrative measures to prevent the dissemination of such propaganda by any organisation or individual present in the territory of either Party;
    2. as soon as possible, and not later than 3 months from the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty, to repeal all adverse or discriminatory references and expressions of hostility in their respective legislation;
    3. to refrain in all government publications from any such references or expressions;
    4. to ensure mutual enjoyment by each other's citizens of due process of law within their respective legal systems and before their courts.
  2. Paragraph 1 (a) of this Article is without prejudice to the right to freedom of expression as contained in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
  3. A joint committee shall be formed to examine incidents where one Party claims there has been a violation of this Article.

ARTICLE 12

COMBATING CRIME AND DRUGS

The Parties will co-operate in combating crime, with an emphasis on smuggling, and will take all necessary measures to combat and prevent such activities as the production of, as well as the trafficking in illicit drugs, and will bring to trial perpetrators of such acts. In this regard, they take note of the understandings reached between them in the above spheres, in accordance with Annex III and undertake to conclude all relevant agreements not later than 9 months from the date of the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty.

ARTICLE 13

TRANSPORTATION AND ROADS

Taking note of the progress already made in the area of transportation, the Parties recognise the mutuality of interest in good neighbourly relations in the area of transportation and agree to the following means to promote relations between them in this sphere:

  1. Each party will permit the free movement of nationals and vehicles of the other into and within its territory according to the general rules applicable to nationals and vehicles of other states. Neither party will impose discriminatory taxes or restrictions on the free movement of persons and vehicles from its territory to the territory of the other.
  2. The Parties will open and maintain roads and border-crossings between their countries and will consider further road and rail links between them.
  3. The Parties will continue their negotiations concerning mutual transportation agreements in the above and other areas, such as joint projects, traffic safety, transport standards and norms, licensing of vehicles, land passages, shipment of goods and cargo, and meteorology, to be concluded not later than 6 months from the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty.
  4. The Parties agree to continue their negotiations for a highway to be constructed and maintained between Egypt, Israel and Jordan near Eilat.

ARTICLE 14

FREEDOM OF NAVIGATION AND ACCESS TO PORTS

  1. Without prejudice to the provisions of paragraph 3, each Party recognises the right of the vessels of the other Party to innocent passage through its territorial waters in accordance with the rules of international law.
  2. Each Party will grant normal access to its ports for vessels and cargoes of the other, as well as vessels and cargoes destined for or coming from the other Party. Such access will be granted on the same conditions as generally applicable to vessels and cargoes of other nations.
  3. The Parties consider the Strait of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba to be international waterways open to all nations for unimpeded and non-suspendable freedom of navigation and overflight. The Parties will respect each other's right to navigation and overflight for access to either Party through the Strait of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba.

ARTICLE 15

CIVIL AVIATION

  1. The Parties recognise as applicable to each other the rights, privileges and obligations provided for by the multilateral aviation agreements to which they are both party, particularly by the 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation (The Chicago Convention) and the 1944 International Air Services Transit Agreement.
  2. Any declaration of national emergency by a Party under Article 89 of the Chicago Convention will not be applied to the other Party on a discriminatory basis.
  3. The Parties take note of the negotiations on the international air corridor to be opened between them in accordance with the Washington Declaration. In addition, the Parties shall, upon ratification of this Treaty, enter into negotiations for the purpose of concluding a Civil Aviation Agreement. All the above negotiations are to be concluded not later than 6 months from the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty.

ARTICLE 16

POSTS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS

The Parties take note of the opening between them, in accordance with the Washington Declaration, of direct telephone and facsimile lines. Postal links, the negotiations on which having been concluded, will be activated upon the signature of this Treaty. The Parties further agree that normal wireless and cable communications and television relay services by cable, radio and satellite, will be established between them, in accordance with all relevant international conventions and regulations. The negotiations on these subjects will be concluded not later than 9 months from the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty.

ARTICLE 17

TOURISM

The Parties affirm their mutual desire to promote co-operation between them in the field of tourism. In order to accomplish this goal, the Parties -- taking note of the understandings reached between them concerning tourism -- agree to negotiate, as soon as possible, and to conclude not later than three months from the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty, an agreement to facilitate and encourage mutual tourism and tourism from third countries.

ARTICLE 18

ENVIRONMENT

The Parties will co-operate in matters relating to the environment, a sphere to which they attach great importance, including conservation of nature and prevention of pollution, as set forth inAnnex IV . They will negotiate an agreement on the above, to be concluded not later than 6 months from the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty.

ARTICLE 19

ENERGY

  1. The Parties will co-operate in the development of energy resources, including the development of energy-related projects such as the utilisation of solar energy.
  2. The Parties, having concluded their negotiations on the interconnecting of their electric grids in the Eilat-Aqaba area, will implement the interconnecting upon the signature of this Treaty. The Parties view this step as a part of a wider binational and regional concept. They agree to continue their negotiations as soon as possible to widen the scope of their interconnected grids.
  3. The Parties will conclude the relevant agreements in the field of energy within 6 months from the date of exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty.

ARTICLE 20

RIFT VALLEY DEVELOPMENT

The Parties attach great importance to the integrated development of the Jordan Rift Valley area, including joint projects in the economic, environmental, energy-related and tourism fields. Taking note of the Terms of Reference developed in the framework of the Trilateral Israel-Jordan-US Economic Committee towards the Jordan Rift Valley Development Master Plan, they will vigorously continue their efforts towards the completion of planning and towards implementation.

ARTICLE 21

HEALTH

The Parties will co-operate in the area of health and shall negotiate with a view to the conclusion of an agreement within 9 months of the exchange of instruments of ratification of this Treaty.

ARTICLE 22

AGRICULTURE

The Parties will co-operate in the areas of agriculture, including veterinary services, plant protection, biotechnology and marketing, and shall negotiate with a view to the conclusion of an agreement within 6 months from the date of the exchange of instruments of ratification of this Treaty.

ARTICLE 23

AQABA AND EILAT

The Parties agree to enter into negotiations, as soon as possible, and not later than one month from the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty, on arrangements that would enable the joint development of the towns of Aqaba and Eilat with regard to such matters, inter alia, as joint tourism development, joint customs, free trade zone, co-operation in aviation, prevention of pollution, maritime matters, police, customs and health co-operation. The Parties will conclude all relevant agreements within 9 months from the exchange of instruments of ratification of the Treaty.

ARTICLE 24

CLAIMS

The Parties agree to establish a claims commission for the mutual settlement of all financial claims.

ARTICLE 25

RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS

  1. This Treaty does not affect and shall not be interpreted as affecting, in any way, the rights and obligations of the Parties under the Charter of the United Nations.
  2. The Parties undertake to fulfil in good faith their obligations under this Treaty, without regard to action or inaction of any other party and independently of any instrument inconsistent with this Treaty. For the purposes of this paragraph each Party represents to the other that in its opinion and interpretation there is no inconsistency between their existing treaty obligations and this Treaty.
  3. They further undertake to take all the necessary measures for the application in their relations of the provisions of the multilateral conventions to which they are parties, including the submission of appropriate notification to the Secretary General of the United Nations and other depositories of such conventions.
  4. Both Parties will also take all the necessary steps to abolish all pejorative references to the other Party, in multilateral conventions to which they are parties, to the extent that such references exist.
  5. The Parties undertake not to enter into any obligation in conflict with this Treaty.
  6. Subject to Article 103 of the United Nations Charter, in the event of a conflict between the obligations of the Parties under the present Treaty and any of their other obligations, the obligations under this Treaty will be binding and implemented.

ARTICLE 26

LEGISLATION

Within 3 months of the exchange of ratifications of this Treaty the Parties undertake to enact any legislation necessary in order to implement the Treaty, and to terminate any international commitments and to repeal any legislation that is inconsistent with the Treaty.

ARTICLE 27

RATIFICATION

  1. This Treaty shall be ratified by both Parties in conformity with their respective national procedures. It shall enter into force on the exchange of instruments of ratification.
  2. The Annexes, Appendices, and other attachments to this Treaty shall be considered integral parts thereof.

ARTICLE 28

INTERIM MEASURES

The Parties will apply, in certain spheres, to be agreed upon, interim measures pending the conclusion of the relevant agreements in accordance with this Treaty, as stipulated in Annex V.

ARTICLE 29

SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES

  1. Disputes arising out of the application or interpretation of this Treaty shall be resolved by negotiations.
  2. Any such disputes which cannot be settled by negotiations shall be resolved by conciliation or submitted to arbitration.

ARTICLE 30

REGISTRATION

This Treaty shall be transmitted to the Secretary General of the United Nations for registration in accordance with the provisions of Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.

Done at the Arava/Araba Crossing Point this day Heshvan 21st, 5775, Jumada Al-Ula 21st, 1415 which corresponds to 26th October, 1994 in the Hebrew, English and Arabic languages, all texts being equally authentic. In case of divergence of interpretation the English text shall prevail.

For the State of Israel
Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister

For the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Abdul Salam Majali, Prime Minister

Witnessed by:

William J. Clinton
President of the United States of America


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Title Commenter Date Thread
6Medina was a Jewish city in the Holy Quaran and should be Jewish now! [150 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
DanMay 29, 2017 17:02239376
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1If the U.S. was conquered by various nations over a thousand years plus [355 words]YJ DraimanJan 2, 2017 16:28235066
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Status Quo – Jews and non-Jews are permitted to pray on Temple Mount [150 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
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w/response from Daniel Pipes
YJ DraimanJun 5, 2015 01:02223687
Jerusalem [28 words]MUSAJan 10, 2017 08:41223687
2Jews and Christian's claim on Mecca [141 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
PrashantMay 29, 2015 03:20223583
Oh, I forgot something: Hindu's claim on Kaaba [173 words]PrashantMay 30, 2015 23:03223583
Israel has no interest in Mecca [91 words]Michael SMay 31, 2015 04:11223583
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w/response from Daniel Pipes
YJ DraimanApr 12, 2015 14:02222821
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2Many many mistakes!!!! [43 words]ZainabNov 9, 2014 04:08219236
1Prove one mistake. [23 words]Simon_Of_SydneyNov 25, 2014 22:55219236
1Get your facts straight [84 words]JonDec 3, 2014 18:47219236
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w/response from Daniel Pipes
Michael SJul 10, 2014 19:27215888
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1Reading the inscriptions [252 words]dhimmi no moreJul 17, 2014 13:17215888
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The Order and the Master [867 words]Michael SMay 8, 2015 02:43215888
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2Israel's rights to the land is ingrained in history, archeological findings, international law and possession [1260 words]YJ DraimanMay 10, 2015 02:24215888
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4You are clearly not open minded towards the muslim opinion of the topic [92 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
mahmoud GharraApr 4, 2014 23:43214283
5Victims of Arabian imperialism and Allah is a Zionist [610 words]dhimmi no moreApr 13, 2014 10:21214283
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2waiting patiently [218 words]Mohammed Wazir AhkspaidarApr 23, 2014 00:50214283
2You will be waiting for a long time [231 words]dhimmi no moreMay 2, 2014 08:14214283
3al-Buraq parking located! [128 words]dhimmi no moreMay 4, 2014 09:25214283
3wonders of islam never cease [139 words]Mohammed Wazir AhkspaidarMay 6, 2014 06:17214283
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3envy [229 words]Mohammed Wazir AhkspaidarMay 11, 2014 04:58214283
great advice for muslims [1 words]Mohammed Wazir AhkspaidarMay 15, 2014 05:28214283
2Looking for the elusive Buraq and camels urine and MERS [140 words]dhimmi no moreMay 15, 2014 08:41214283
transmission vectors [23 words]Mohammed Wazir AhkspaidarMay 16, 2014 05:57214283
But why oh why would people drink camel urine??? [2689 words]Alain Jean-MairetMay 16, 2014 10:17214283
2more weirdness [56 words]Mohammed Wazir AhkspaidarMay 18, 2014 06:19214283
1Mohammed - slaking muslim thirst for BS for 1400 years [115 words]Mohammed Wazir AhkspaidarMay 19, 2014 01:44214283
1The glorious Islam and breast feeding of the adult and Muslim men can divorce their wives if they eat too much [111 words]dhimmi no moreMay 19, 2014 11:55214283
2The prophet of Islam claimed that camels urine cures any and everything! [52 words]dhimmi no moreMay 19, 2014 12:02214283
3The elusive buraq and al-Hajar al-Aswad [314 words]dhimmi no moreMay 19, 2014 17:19214283
1deal gone wrong? [77 words]Mohammed Wazir AhkspaidarMay 21, 2014 06:36214283
The crazy ahadith (plural of hadith) [65 words]dhimmi no moreMay 26, 2014 14:51214283
forced conversions... [57 words]muruganJul 26, 2014 22:58214283
Refuted? [62 words]Stuart McHardyJan 31, 2015 09:47214283
3rd most important to you, but first important to them [162 words]ValerieMar 27, 2015 20:36214283
Do you mean you believe also the entire moon was cut into two pieces? [73 words]zumaJul 4, 2017 02:27214283
Zakir Naik said that the moon split then it must be true! [79 words]dhimmi no moreJul 5, 2017 07:43214283
How could moon be split into two? [26 words]zumaJul 11, 2017 20:21214283
Splitting of the moon is Quranic [61 words]dhimmi no moreJul 13, 2017 06:18214283
Hadith treated eclipse to be the possibility of the coming of the day of judgment [162 words]zumaJul 14, 2017 00:21214283
The Shia Ahadith are not even better! [149 words]dhimmi no moreJul 17, 2017 06:20214283
1Arabs & Islam [110 words]The LeviteApr 1, 2014 15:17214177
1Don't state wrong facts [109 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
AmiraMar 25, 2014 19:32214008
Helping lost tablighees one at a time [60 words]dhimmi no moreMar 30, 2014 10:55214008
But, I thought.... [54 words]Stuart McHardyJan 31, 2015 09:57214008
2How is it possible that.... [12 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
Alan BMar 23, 2014 16:19213942
Sunni Islamist Complains about Jewish Love for Jerusalem to Iranian Islamists [19 words]PezDispenserMar 17, 2014 13:44213843
1Why is Jerusalem the most important city for Jews, Christians and Muslims [107 words]peter van dijkOct 13, 2013 22:44210438
Islam as a continued tradition [235 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
Adnan R AminSep 14, 2013 19:25209747
2Islam / Esau ... [44 words]GregJun 10, 2013 20:30206881
Descendents of Esau and Ishmael [33 words]RobertAug 6, 2014 13:43206881
If you won't come to The Rock in Mecca... [103 words]LynnMay 14, 2013 10:02206044
3FINALLY A TRUE PICTURE OF JEWISH HISTORY [135 words]franz paulMar 1, 2013 18:34203954
Jerusalem Being Taken off Certain Maps [96 words]ralphJun 21, 2013 06:33203954
4politically selective memory [126 words]Edoardo RecanatiFeb 5, 2013 07:41203191
3Jews and Muslims [156 words]SohaibNov 18, 2012 02:02200756
1What do you believe in? Curious [75 words]ToaFeb 14, 2013 19:23200756
1Thank you Mr Pipe [12 words]AngelNov 13, 2012 17:22200535
1Jerusalem [124 words]DhAug 21, 2012 21:02198107
1thanks the post [101 words]larryleeMar 26, 2012 22:27194788
2True Religion will allow religious freedom [59 words]true religionFeb 19, 2012 02:19193484
3MUSLIM PRAYERS. [24 words]B.AhmedDec 12, 2011 04:55191621
MUSLIM PRAYERS [8 words]AmiraMar 25, 2014 19:35191621
3JERUSALEM [79 words]DR THOMAS MATHAINov 18, 2011 09:49190994
1so true sir [10 words]alikecraJan 31, 2012 16:14190994
1aqssa mosque in saudia arabia [369 words]ranaOct 28, 2011 14:18190477
2... Info provided by Author [9 words]ReaderOct 13, 2011 12:35190009
12The paradox of Illogics [35 words]Michael Hanni MorcosSep 30, 2011 12:03189748
5A Muslim Scholar's response [1525 words]Khaled DahakSep 23, 2011 20:16189519
22Khaled Dahak's reasoning is pathetic or Mecca is a Christian holy place [271 words]PrashantSep 24, 2011 23:16189519
7facts [30 words]calebSep 25, 2011 03:02189519
2Jews did not keep their covenant with God, by rejecting the in Issa(Jesus) son of Maryam, thereby losing their claim to the blessed land of Palestine. [149 words]Khaled DahakSep 25, 2011 19:07189519
11murder in the name of islam [41 words]calebSep 26, 2011 21:50189519
12Re: Khaled Dahak: Blame the past [387 words]AngelSep 29, 2011 11:16189519
3Re:Caleb [45 words]AngelSep 29, 2011 11:28189519
hogwash [20 words]seabeesDec 27, 2011 10:50189519
6RELIGION vs FACTS vs DNA [662 words]LydiaJan 11, 2012 01:36189519
did not know [10 words]FdMar 19, 2012 23:45189519
Ah you forget Angel [25 words]Barry SoetoroMay 21, 2012 21:06189519
2I believe your facts are faulty Mr Soetro [190 words]stanley bMay 22, 2012 18:46189519
Mr Angel's confused history of the Spread of Islam in Indonesia [452 words]Khaled DahakOct 9, 2012 02:50189519
1Khaled Dahak response to Prashant [165 words]KhaledOct 26, 2012 13:26189519
6Circular logic for the thousandth time [166 words]PrashantOct 27, 2012 01:54189519
3It seems that Q17;1 is really about the exodus of the Jewish people men ard masr ila ard al-ma3ad! [925 words]dhimmi no moreOct 27, 2012 16:43189519
Our dear Khaled is quoting a corrupted book to prove a point! Go figure! [185 words]dhimmi no moreOct 28, 2012 06:58189519
5Camels and the flat earth and sky and other sordid matters [256 words]dhimmi no moreOct 28, 2012 07:11189519
2The eloquent Qur'an? Not really [227 words]dhimmi no moreOct 28, 2012 07:30189519
4Indonesia and the spread of islam by the lost tablighees and not by the Arabs [209 words]dhimmi no moreOct 28, 2012 10:51189519
2To Khaled and Soetoro: In Indonesia, the prove of history still "On Going" [221 words]AngelOct 31, 2012 15:24189519
Mr Soetoro: I do not forget [76 words]AngelOct 31, 2012 15:28189519
To Prashant, That's very true [46 words]AngelOct 31, 2012 15:54189519
Arogan Khaled [56 words]AngelOct 31, 2012 16:05189519
350 years was fact [23 words]B. SoetoroNov 1, 2012 02:03189519
Your story baseless Angel [38 words]Bary SoetoroNov 1, 2012 21:03189519
1When the victim is the last one to realize that he is also a victim [57 words]dhimmi no moreNov 3, 2012 08:45189519
2The victims of Arabian cultural imperialism [193 words]dhimmi no moreNov 3, 2012 08:55189519
massacre to indonesian moslems [447 words]b. soetoroNov 4, 2012 00:26189519
Victims of Arabian imperialism and islam is the religion of the arabs only [68 words]dhimmi no moreNov 7, 2012 06:57189519
1The victims of Arabian cultural imperialism [150 words]AngelNov 13, 2012 16:59189519
1There is masacre of non muslim in Indonesia [78 words]AngelNov 13, 2012 17:18189519
Prayer strength calculate by math? [24 words]AngelNov 13, 2012 17:34189519
ZERO times is Jerusalem mentioned in the koran ! [41 words]Phil GreendApr 6, 2013 18:59189519
Residers [22 words]AbdirahmanAug 6, 2013 05:29189519
2The solution [90 words]Jude RichvaleNov 4, 2013 22:06189519
A reply to your post [317 words]William EastJul 12, 2014 00:41189519
1Rock in Jerusalem [128 words]George CravenMay 23, 2011 03:02185485
8Read this! It has a new perspective that y'all don't know as of now... [52 words]DipesMay 8, 2011 15:33185023
6The Apple of His Eye [102 words]Charles NickalopoulosMay 21, 2011 10:52185023
What about Christians!?!?!?!?!?! [33 words]Genevieve GottliebMar 29, 2011 22:51183729
1Religous role for Jerusalem for Muslims too [57 words]LTMar 27, 2011 20:59183653
Moral and ethical bankruptcy [208 words]YJ DraimanMar 27, 2011 10:56183638
1Jerusalem is important to Islam, not for political, but on theological grounds [194 words]AsadMar 22, 2011 03:44183532
14Circular logic of Islamists and more hyocrisy [217 words]PrashantMay 28, 2011 13:29183532
2From where does this come from [44 words]JeffJun 1, 2011 14:50183532
This is where it comes from [5 words]Khaled DahakSep 23, 2011 19:59183532
3Agree to Prashant [89 words]AngelSep 25, 2011 18:38183532
reply [16 words]jerryApr 8, 2012 12:03183532
Oh, Jerusalem! [132 words]Andrew Haslam-JonesMar 15, 2011 15:41183434
Oh, Jerusalem! [39 words]AngelNov 13, 2012 18:26183434
1jerusalem [90 words]RyNov 25, 2010 23:11180471
1The Temple at Jerusalem is reffered as Mosque by Prophet Mohamed [133 words]Mohamed KhanNov 11, 2010 20:01180089
6Muslims have more rights to the Western Wall (The last surviving 'Kotel' of the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem) [235 words]Samir S. HalabiNov 28, 2010 12:19180089
2Clarification [272 words]J DiedrichJan 4, 2011 00:52180089
4The 'Taqiyya' expert Mohamed Khan [109 words]Samir S. HalabiMar 23, 2011 14:31180089
Prayer direction of Muslims [580 words]Mohamed KhanApr 4, 2011 03:13180089
Muslims are sacrilegious [263 words]George ReameOct 5, 2011 16:58180089
A very well researched article indeed! [50 words]david misangoSep 8, 2010 15:13177889
2amazing piece each time i read it [104 words]rick martinsAug 27, 2010 04:54177348
2jewish ancestry in Jerusalem. [93 words]viviJun 5, 2010 18:07173890
och! I got it now [66 words]seraphimeApr 22, 2010 02:15171561
wiki [22 words]J DiedrichJan 4, 2011 01:16171561
How very enlightening [27 words]Jim PlankMar 24, 2010 17:47170602
Translation [46 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
David SommerSep 4, 2009 06:45161058
1On Jerusalem and The Muslims [90 words]KathleenDec 12, 2009 15:56161058
4muslims have more rights than any other religion [154 words]jacckiDec 14, 2009 00:18161058
Guild [14 words]viviJun 6, 2010 15:05161058
unethical [131 words]1ummahJan 17, 2011 21:20161058
2Please make the Jerusalem International holy city for all three religions. [73 words]FarooqJun 8, 2009 23:50157047
Jerusalem for all Jews and christians [29 words]Jeremaih NarhJun 12, 2009 11:47157047
5A reply to Farooq [145 words]KathleenDec 12, 2009 18:21157047
On Muslims And a Comment by a good responder: [161 words]KathleenDec 15, 2009 14:39157047
SAFE, who is safe? [86 words]slayhyOct 28, 2011 15:11157047
1muslims do have a lot to do with islam [96 words]annaJan 29, 2009 14:30149468
anna [83 words]btillyJan 29, 2009 19:38149468
1For Anna [109 words]AngelSep 25, 2011 19:01149468
Moriah is not in Jerusalem [46 words]Guardian of DeenFeb 18, 2014 19:02149468
1Our dear GoD is saying that Mecca belongs to the Jews! What a disaster [291 words]dhimmi no moreFeb 20, 2014 07:40149468
3The problem with Muslim history. [190 words]CatarinJan 10, 2009 11:58147657
Just to set the record straight... [180 words]HalaJan 22, 2009 17:20147657
Muslim claim to Jerusalem. [47 words]CatarinJan 24, 2009 14:48147657
Wrong references [47 words]asadMar 22, 2011 04:06147657
For Halla [151 words]AngelSep 25, 2011 19:12147657
Your topic saying Muslims can lie in the interest of Islam [340 words]ObamaPunkMay 10, 2012 10:06147657
about islam [46 words]unknownJan 10, 2009 11:48147654
2Just to remember [18 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
M.Rizwan AliDec 2, 2008 14:58144304
1Daniel pipes, thank you [15 words]samiraMay 19, 2008 09:48129130
1Jews And Christians Claims To Jerusalam Much Greater [49 words]AnneMApr 25, 2008 20:40126856
1For those who Actually Believe this essay [55 words]AishaJan 19, 2008 23:15118607
3look into your own opinion [54 words]bosFeb 5, 2008 16:08118607
1Proof? [16 words]AbdullahJan 7, 2009 22:38118607
its in the pudding! [560 words]bosJan 9, 2009 06:12118607
8Response to Aisha [151 words]KathleenDec 12, 2009 16:24118607
1Not So Much [70 words]ChristianFeb 4, 2011 08:17118607
To Miss Kathleen [21 words]Fatima Ali KhanDec 23, 2011 04:17118607
Jerusalem Holy city for Muslims? [81 words]PDMDec 20, 2007 18:37116707
1The seat of Mohammed in Jerusalem [343 words]laurelOct 2, 2007 16:35110135
great [3 words]rachelJun 26, 2007 13:30101417
claim on Jerusalem [235 words]sufi Imdad Ali SoomroJun 2, 2007 02:3095739
5Soomro's argument is undefeatable [188 words]SunilApr 19, 2009 12:5195739
Muslim claim to Jerusalem [307 words]Sufi Imdad Ali SoomroApr 20, 2009 01:1795739
2I certainly disagree with your statements [55 words]John MathewsSep 6, 2010 10:2795739
To Sunil [40 words]AngelSep 25, 2011 19:2795739
GREAT stuff. Highly Informative [60 words]PsalmMay 1, 2007 15:2891248
Re: The Muslim Claim to Jerusalem [327 words]Omar KajJan 9, 2007 10:0272158
1massively repeated nonsense [338 words]T. CarrMay 18, 2007 10:2872158
6Quran [399 words]yashaFeb 8, 2009 00:1472158
6Reply to: The Muslim claim to Jerusalem [256 words]Paul JaramilloJul 6, 2006 05:4149023
Paul, have a reality check before insulting [178 words]Omar KajJan 9, 2007 11:1049023
2Reply to: Omar Kaj [120 words]PsalmMay 1, 2007 15:4449023
6Jerusalem- The City of God [Jehovah- The Lord] [250 words]clarence paul puckettMay 1, 2007 23:5649023
Rubbish [82 words]PDMDec 31, 2007 21:5449023
Jerusalem? The land title issue [466 words]lltotes90Aug 5, 2008 23:1949023
1To clarence paul puckett US ...Well said. [64 words]KathleenDec 12, 2009 18:5149023
Not so fast... [178 words]RussMay 30, 2011 05:4749023
Jerusalem- The City of God [Jehovah- The Lord] [250 words] [177 words]clarence puckettJun 26, 2016 16:4849023
excellent & comprehensive [32 words]moses nathanJun 7, 2006 17:4547261
yeah....WOW. [293 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
AliyahMay 2, 2006 19:1444765
Reply to Islamist line on Jerusalem [312 words]IZOct 27, 2006 19:0944765
Great example [30 words]CraigApr 28, 2007 16:3444765
1What really happened Mr. Pipes...... [163 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
W AhlFeb 15, 2006 19:5135860
So funny [55 words]GeorgeNov 29, 2008 06:1735860
2Mphamad"s strange knowledge [99 words]AngelSep 25, 2011 19:4935860
1Certainly agree that Muhammad had no knowledge about eastern religions [88 words]PrashantSep 26, 2011 21:1835860
what really happened ...... [35 words]AmiraMar 25, 2014 19:3935860
2Our dear Amira disagress with her/his Allah what a disaster [335 words]dhimmi no moreMar 30, 2014 10:5235860
Names of Jerusalem [243 words]Ben SmallJan 16, 2006 00:1331716
MUSLIMS/and Other Religions Except Christians have no Historic Right to Jerusalem [96 words]Josepn NgumbauJun 23, 2007 06:0031716
are you sure [29 words]BosJun 29, 2007 07:5431716
4Muslims occupying other religion's holy shrines [436 words]Bharat RainaJan 5, 2006 20:0631146
1Let.s not be selfish [56 words]Mary ConnorNov 16, 2007 08:4731146
Enclave=ghetto [88 words]T D EApr 19, 2010 18:4031146
8It is still the case today [89 words]Michael Hanni MorcosSep 30, 2011 15:4231146
Dome of the Rock [72 words]Gerry D.Jan 8, 2005 14:3619524
Thanks! [26 words]JackieNov 1, 2004 18:2318063
WOW! [85 words]Bob JacoboSep 30, 2003 07:0511592
1SEE THE HISTORY [42 words]HumayonJul 8, 2009 07:3411592
1Accurate and Awesome [168 words]Ruth LowrySep 17, 2003 01:2011274
Jerusalem in Sacred Texts [45 words]
w/response from Daniel Pipes
Peter J. HerzSep 10, 2003 02:3611155
1Solution to Jews and Arabs holy sites [148 words]AngelMar 10, 2010 20:5111155
Good Work [50 words]V. CoffeyAug 22, 2003 05:3110718
2Dealing with historical islam in an honest way, thank you. [37 words]Randolf ScottAug 14, 2003 13:1310579
1Disagree [175 words]Frederick B. WolfeApr 15, 2006 01:1510579
3B.S. as usual [600 words]fbwolfeApr 19, 2006 01:4110579
The barren land ? interesting observation ! everyone should go back to their home land, i couldnt agree more ;) [99 words]samiraMay 19, 2008 09:4510579
1Great history - thank you again Daniel Pipes [24 words]M. McGuireAug 10, 2003 15:4510495
Islam & Jerusalem [108 words]Mohamed KhanJan 5, 2011 00:4510495
2More self serving evidence [65 words]RajeevJan 5, 2011 23:5910495
Is that from hadith? Not all the hadith are reliable. Muhammed only claimed the Koran as the message. [5 words]readerFeb 4, 2011 22:1510495
3Mohamed & his followers praying towards Jerusalem - Evidence from Quran [438 words]Mohamed KhanFeb 5, 2011 23:0610495
The Bleeding Obvious [13 words]Amin RiazAug 31, 2011 03:3410495
1JERUSALEM [149 words]DR THOMAS MATHAINov 20, 2011 12:1510495
2RELIGION vs FACTS vs DNA [662 words]LydiaJan 11, 2012 16:0310495
5It's Mohammed Khan who's a pagan and a hypocrite not the Jews and Christians. [489 words]Samir S. HalabiOct 9, 2013 06:4310495
Highly informative and sorely needed [82 words]Rika ZimmermanJan 3, 2003 13:085454
1Informative and terrific! [25 words]Michael WatkinsNov 15, 2002 08:583939
2Great historical essay [54 words]J. RochaJun 26, 2002 20:121047

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