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"Jerusalem's not in the Qur'an, and Muhammad was never there"

Reader comment on item: More on the Muslim Claim to Jerusalem
in response to reader comment: Proof positive; Jerusalem, Israel belong to Muslims

Submitted by Lactantius Jr. (United Kingdom), Jun 5, 2007 at 15:50

To Infidel

Concerning Muhammad's alleged "night-journey" (isra) to "the farthest mosque" (al-masjid al-aqsa) and the Islamic claim to Jerusalem.

Since January 2006, Doctor Pipes has been offering $1million to anyone who finds "Jerusalem" in the Qur'an.

Offer: $1 million for Finding "Jerusalem" in the Koran January 4, 2006

http://www.danielpipes.org/blog/570

It is unclaimed, and will remain so, because Jerusalem is never mentioned by name in the Qur'an. In contrast, it is mentioned 823 times in the Bible, and Zion (which usually means Jerusalem, and sometimes "the Land of Israel"), appears 161 times. Of the 823 mentions of Jerusalem by name in the Bible, 669 of them are in the Old Testament, and 154 times in the New Testament.

In emphasising this pronounced contrast between Bible and Qur'an, columnist Moshe Kohn notes, that Jerusalem and Zion appear as frequently in the Qur'an, "as they do in the Hindu Bhagavad-Gita, the Taoist Tao-Te Ching, the Buddhist Dhamapada, and the Zoroastrian Zend Avesta," which is to say, not once. ("Whose Jerusalem? Whose Land?" Moshe Kohn )

http://www.cdn-friends-icej.ca/sources.html

The Qur'an refers to Muhammad's alleged "night journey" (isra) as follows:-

"Glory to (Allah) Who did take his servant for a journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest mosque-------------" (Subhana allathee asra biAAabdihi laylan mina almasjidi alharami ila almasjidi al-aqsa allathee barakna hawlahu linuriyahu min ayatina innahu huwa alssameeAAu albaseeru")

Surah 17:001

When this Surah was revealed ~621AD, the Sacred Mosque already existed in Mecca, but where was "the farthest mosque?" It was apparently identified with places inside Arabia; either Medina, or a town called Ji'rana, about ten miles from Mecca, which Muhammad visited in AD 630. Palestine had not yet been conquered by the Muslims, and contained not a single mosque.

The Ummayad Dynasty (AD 661-750)

The first Ummayad ruler, Mu'awiya, chose Jerusalem as the place where he ascended to the caliphate, and he and his successors engaged in a construction program in the city, religious edifices, a palace and roads, and they effectively treated it as their administrative capital.

The Ummayad Caliph, in AD 688-691, built the Dome of the Rock, right on the spot of the Jewish Temple, then in AD 715, to build up the prestige of their dominions, the Umayyads built a second mosque on the Temple Mount, and called this one the farthest mosque (al-masjid al aqsa). With this, the Umayyads retroactively gave Jerusalem a role in Muhammad's life, and inserted Jerusalem post hoc into the Qur'an, thus making it more important to Islam., for if "the farthest mosque" was in Jerusalem, then Muhammad's "night jouney" and his subsequent ascension to heaven (mi'raj) also took place on the Temple Mount.

Timeline

• Solomon's Temple built 958-951 BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar's Babylonian armies in 587 BC.

• Second Temple (King Herod) built 37-4 BC and destroyed by General Titus and his Roman soldiers in AD 70

• Muhammad born AD 572

• Muhammad's alleged "night journey" and mi'raj AD 622

• Muhammad died AD 632

• Dome of the Rock built by Amir Abd-ul-Malik AD 688-691

• Masjid al-Aqsa built AD 715

Questions

In light of these dates:-

• What Temple did Muhammad visit, enter and pray at, before ascending to heaven??

• Seeing that the Qur'an mentions an alleged journey of Muhammad's to a mosque that did not exist during his lifetime, how should this be interpreted??

• Does the incompatibility of the dates quoted in the Timeline increase your confidence in Muhammad as a prophet of the true and living God??

The Bonfils family photograph of the Dome of the Rock, taken in the late nineteenth century, shows just how important it was to the Muslims then, and this, allegedly one of Islam's holiest sites.

http://almashriq.hiof.no/general/700/770/779/historical/pcd0109/17.html

Well may Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiya (AD 638-700), a close relative of Muhammad, have said, denigrating the notion that the prophet of Islam ever set foot on the Rock in Jerusalem; ‘these damned Syrians,' by which he means the Umayyads, ‘pretend that Allah put His foot on the Rock in Jerusalem, though [only] one person ever put his foot on the rock, namely Abraham.'

With kind regards and best wishes

Lactantius Jr.


Note: Opinions expressed in comments are those of the authors alone and not necessarily those of Daniel Pipes. Original writing only, please. Comments are screened and in some cases edited before posting. Reasoned disagreement is welcome but not comments that are scurrilous, off-topic, commercial, disparaging religions, or otherwise inappropriate. For complete regulations, see the "Guidelines for Reader Comments".

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Reader comments (101) on this item

Title Commenter Date Thread
1Thanks for the link to Leah Bat-Chaim's Why Jerusalem is Not Holy to Muslims [56 words]Joe BlackDec 23, 2009 03:11166165
2Arabs and Muslims have no authority to claim Jerusalem [227 words]Bestley JoeDec 11, 2009 08:14165657
How can we expect anything human (or decent) from wacko self proclaimed genius historian Shamekh Alawneh? [260 words]SvetAug 28, 2009 03:19160712
Zechariah 12 [128 words]UgriAug 8, 2009 08:35159834
Eyes Wide Open [37 words]BKSep 25, 2009 18:12159834
No doubt new herods will emerge. [92 words]UgriSep 27, 2009 04:42159834
Tick Tock. [112 words]LynnJul 6, 2009 10:21158530
TEMPLE MOUNT [9 words]FredJan 5, 2009 12:14147018
Undeniable claim to Jerusalem [102 words]Rebecca MouldsJan 4, 2009 23:38146929
Jerusalem in the Bible [36 words]UgriJan 11, 2009 01:33146929
Mosque on top of the claimants rock. [132 words]LynnDec 11, 2008 08:44144903
More on the muslim claim to Jerusalem [109 words]DebbieDec 3, 2008 23:12144369
3where were the jews during the past 3000 year, why they did not claim the land? [72 words]sTsNov 19, 2008 11:37143278
It speaks volumes [14 words]UgriNov 21, 2008 01:59143278
1Our dear Samer and the Jews and Allah says in the the Qur'an really says that the Jews are really his favorite nation [283 words]dhimmi no moreNov 30, 2008 07:58143278
Where were those Jews? [244 words]catarinDec 5, 2008 00:56143278
You admit it then? [64 words]MeeTooJan 9, 2009 09:20143278
4It is written in the Quran and in the Torah [312 words]sTsJan 10, 2009 04:57143278
Makes you wanna go hmmm... [246 words]LynnAug 30, 2009 10:00143278
Arch of Titus [56 words]UgriNov 6, 2008 11:13142251
muslim imperialism [128 words]G.VishvasNov 5, 2008 05:36142104
Great! [11 words]New York UniversityOct 31, 2008 16:34141664
Apples and oranges [149 words]Rebecca MouldsSep 2, 2008 13:53137854
Temple Mount revisited [93 words]UgriSep 3, 2008 01:36137854
Israel is the Land of the ancient Jews [44 words]KatteyNov 10, 2008 20:38137854
2Moses, Jesus, Mohammad are ALL Muslims [95 words]AhmadAug 30, 2008 05:55137656
4Moses and Jesus were never, will never be and WOULD never be Muslims [1077 words]The Grand Infidel of KaffiristanAug 30, 2008 23:54137656
4 things [52 words]YnnatchkahSep 3, 2008 22:22137656
1Moses and Jesus were Muslims? [134 words]KatteyNov 18, 2008 17:47137656
Polar opposites between the Koran and the Bible [165 words]jennifer solisNov 29, 2008 16:13137656
1More drivel from our dear Ahmad [558 words]dhimmi no moreNov 30, 2008 07:18137656
2If you follow God's words then you are a Muslim [396 words]sTsDec 1, 2008 03:18137656
1The Quran is not perfect, and it is the offspring of the Torah and New Testament. [283 words]KatteyDec 1, 2008 21:22137656
Quran, Torah, Gospel are from one source [141 words]sTsDec 3, 2008 01:12137656
Moses and Jesus were Muslims? [128 words]AnneDec 3, 2008 23:34137656
2Quran is Perfect, check how it was compiled [1124 words]sTsDec 4, 2008 10:11137656
A Muslim, any person who submits to the will of God [518 words]sTsDec 5, 2008 00:48137656
The Qur'an is perfect? Really? How about surat al-rajm? [286 words]dhimmi no moreDec 5, 2008 07:23137656
Our dear Samer; It seems that your Allah says in the Qur'an that the Bible is not really corrupted [147 words]dhimmi no moreDec 5, 2008 07:35137656
A muslim is any person who submits to God's will- response to Ts [133 words]DebbieDec 5, 2008 20:37137656
It seems that the star of David adornes the main building of al-Azhar University [199 words]dhimmi no moreDec 6, 2008 10:42137656
Our dear Samer and more drivel [361 words]dhimmi no moreDec 6, 2008 11:01137656
1Ahmad, you sound desperate for numbers and converts. [131 words]ZenDec 13, 2008 01:04137656
sTs, you have a very simplistic view [196 words]ZenDec 13, 2008 01:23137656
You are not a Muslim [409 words]sTsDec 15, 2008 06:17137656
It is not wrong to look for the truth [429 words]sTsDec 15, 2008 10:06137656
No it is not wrong to look for the truth, It sets you free [120 words]DebbieDec 15, 2008 20:32137656
2a response to Moses, Jesus, Mohammad are ALL Muslims by reader Ahmad [513 words]IfrahimJan 5, 2009 22:38137656
Just a Simple Question [201 words]Seif Al DeenJan 9, 2009 08:19137656
koran [116 words]D.Gerard SebolfFeb 22, 2009 09:27137656
Jerusalem not mentioned in the Qur'an [168 words]Roy MasonOct 1, 2009 06:43137656
Jesus calling by killings of sword [417 words]AlwynOct 25, 2009 12:36137656
islamic domineeringness [52 words]hiallMar 4, 2014 04:27137656
Here is a Strange Exception [37 words]AlexAug 18, 2008 11:48136948
WHY NOT GIVE THEM A CHOICE? [20 words]IamJosephAug 18, 2008 05:44136931
A Brilliant Idea? What are they smoking? [462 words]Lame CherryAug 18, 2008 02:38136924
Q17:1 [641 words]dhimmi no moreJul 27, 2008 13:16135742
2muslim greed, more greed and fascism [216 words]G.VishvasJul 23, 2008 05:53135582
The Qur'an does not say the Prophet was taken to Jerusalem [123 words]Akbarally MeherallyJun 26, 2008 07:25133453
The Temple Mount as a Flashpoint [29 words]Yisrael MedadMar 12, 2008 06:48122473
Can anyone be a Muslim and STILL defend the name Palestine? [138 words]DillahJan 25, 2008 23:06119001
What Muslim holy sites? [195 words]KatteyDec 15, 2007 21:34116228
Hey [68 words]demonarundoMar 9, 2008 16:45116228
Islamic historical Propaganda [267 words]KatteyMar 10, 2008 23:24116228
here is the truth [142 words]demonarundoMar 12, 2008 07:53116228
Muslims honor all Prophets? [178 words]KatteyMar 13, 2008 16:54116228
islam thinks the whole world belongs to allaha [76 words]phil GreendAug 31, 2007 19:15107411
I am Muslim [51 words]demonarundoMar 9, 2008 16:32107411
Making colonisation appear indigenous! [113 words]leighJun 2, 2007 05:4895748
I understand that history is a VERY flexible narrative [103 words]Dan the YidAug 17, 2007 04:0095748
Proof positive; Jerusalem, Israel belong to Muslims [170 words]InfidelNov 26, 2006 19:3467422
9"Jerusalem's not in the Qur'an, and Muhammad was never there" [691 words]Lactantius Jr.Jun 5, 2007 15:5067422
1Lactantius Jr, I think you misunderstood my comments [217 words]InfidelJun 5, 2007 23:1867422
Arabs have been doing Temple denial for a long time [219 words]ElliottNov 6, 2008 08:2167422
Not mentioned in the Torah either [23 words]sTsDec 1, 2008 03:2067422
"Which Bible books, which Temple?" [646 words]Lactantius JrDec 3, 2008 07:0667422
2Zabour and Zubur [691 words]sTsDec 4, 2008 07:1067422
More on Jerusalem and other topics [658 words]sTsDec 4, 2008 11:1167422
Which Jerusalem Temple did Muhammad visit? [320 words]Lactantius JrDec 5, 2008 05:1267422
"What remains for you to do now" [125 words]Lactantius JrDec 5, 2008 06:2567422
The word ZBR in the Qur'an, the Psalms of David and al-Isra'eeliat in the Qur'an [443 words]dhimmi no moreDec 6, 2008 09:1767422
ZBR and an addendum [123 words]dhimmi no moreDec 7, 2008 08:2967422
Jerusalem in the OT [92 words]dhimmi no moreDec 7, 2008 09:0267422
Mohammed visits Mt. Sinai [97 words]Dale BrownDec 6, 2009 21:2767422
The mosque was not destoyed. it remains till this day ! [238 words]Al -AqsaJan 21, 2010 15:2067422
Masjid Al-Aqsa [1462 words]Lactantius JrFeb 19, 2010 17:5367422
Mosque people were flaming racist until now. [194 words]HilmeFeb 28, 2010 09:2967422
"living in peace with one another" [128 words]Lactantius JrFeb 28, 2010 17:2367422
1You don't know what your saying [288 words]Omar SalehMay 17, 2010 23:1067422
Jerusalem is not mentioned in the Qur'an and even Tabari had no clue what is really al-masjad al-aqsa and you our dear Omar think that you know? Masha'allah [982 words]dhimmi no moreMay 19, 2010 07:4767422
1To: dhimmi no more [177 words]OmarMay 19, 2010 22:5667422
Jerusalem is not mentioned in the Qur'an and even Tabari had no clue what is really al-masjad al-aqsa part duex [27 words]dhimmi no moreMay 20, 2010 17:2767422
Our dear Omar and his excuse that the battery ran out [300 words]dhimmi no moreMay 20, 2010 18:0967422
Q17:1 revisited [64 words]dhimmi no moreMay 20, 2010 18:2067422
Our dear Omar and tahreef al-Qur'an [330 words]dhimmi no moreMay 22, 2010 08:0167422
1Jerusalem, the Abode of Peace [181 words]AngelaJun 14, 2010 09:2067422
1Jerusalem is in the quraan and the prophet muhamed was there [25 words]yomnaOct 1, 2011 17:3767422
1Jerusalem is not mentioned in the Qur'an and Muhammad was never there continued [399 words]Lactantius JrOct 5, 2011 04:4367422
false statement about jerusalem [40 words]saqibFeb 19, 2013 00:2567422
The Qur'an is silent about Jerusalem [131 words]dhimmi no moreFeb 20, 2013 07:0467422
Only Christ! [10 words]hammarJul 13, 2013 15:0067422

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Note: Opinions expressed in comments are those of the authors alone and not necessarily those of Daniel Pipes. Original writing only, please. Comments are screened and in some cases edited before posting. Reasoned disagreement is welcome but not comments that are scurrilous, off-topic, commercial, disparaging religions, or otherwise inappropriate. For complete regulations, see the "Guidelines for Reader Comments".

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