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For our dear Leopold and al-Kalam al-Mukarrar and Variant Traditions

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Submitted by dhimmi no more (United States), Apr 10, 2018 at 08:57

Our dear Leopold wrote:

>In the koran sura 9:33, 48,28 and 61:09 the muslim god says he promises islam will defeat every other religion.

Not that simple. In actual fact al-Mufasereen had significant difficulty in explaining what did the author of the Qur'an mean and in particular the meaning of the word بالهدى or with al-Huda and al-Qurtubi wrote: المهدي هو عيسى فقط or al-Mahdi is Jesus only! And notice that the original meaning of the word Deen is really Law and not religion!

It means that the subject of the verse might not be Muhammad! But again the Qur'an is a confused and confusing book

However, the most interesting fact about these three verses is that they are an example of an embarrassing Quranic literary problem. al-Mufasereen called it al-Kalam al-Mukarrar الكلام المكرر or Allah seems to be, for reasons unknown, is in the habit of repeating himself in various literary forms. Notice that Q9:33 and Q61:9 end with ولو كره المشركون of Q9:33 which becomes وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ شَهِيدًا in 48:28 otherwise the 3 verses are the same

How is this phenomenon explained?

1. Muslims explain it as follows: it is all because of Asbab al-Nuzul or reasons for revelations or Allah must have a fixed literary formulas that he was using when sending down his revelations! Its sounds lame and it is indeed lame

2. Wansbrough provides a very radical way of explaining this literary phenomenon and it is as follows: The Qur'an must have different authors and this is why we see these "similar verses" have at times significant differences not just in syntax but also in grammar and spelling of words in the verse! And I do believe that he is correct

BTW Sheikh al-Azhar in defense of this embarrassing literary problem: al-Kalam al-Mukarrar wrote that if al-Kalam al-Mukarrar is removed from the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam, will shrink and becomes the size of a كراسّة (booklet) What a disaster

I hope I helped

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