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Istiqlal, Shukeiri & Hitlerism

Reader comment on item: Middle East Provocations and Predictions

Submitted by Noel (United States), Nov 13, 2022 at 18:15

Taggar, Yehuda. The Mufti of Jerusalem and Palestine: Arab Politics, 1930-1937. United Kingdom: Garland, 1986. 81.

The party was formed on 4.8.32 by Auni Abd Al Hadi, Akram Zuaiter, Subhi al Khadra, M. Izzat Darwaza, Muin al Naadi, Rashid Haj Ibrahim, and Ajaj Nuwayhid.


Hirszowicz, Lukasz. "Nazi Germany and the Palestine Partition Plan." Middle Eastern Studies 1, no. 1 (1964): 40–65.


On July 15th, 1937, Dr. Grobba, German envoy at Baghdad, met the then Premier of Iraq, Hikmet Suleiman, who expressed the hope that the Germans would do everything in their power to frustrate the plans of the Royal Commission. This step by a leader who was attacked for being cool to Arab unity was probably meant to prepare the ground for more concrete negotiations. For on the following day Grobba was visited by members of the Palestinian Arab Higher Committee: Awni-bey Abd el-Hadi and Muin el-Madhi. They urged that the Reich Government should interest itself in the Palestine question and support the Palestinian Arabs; while Abd el-Hadi expressed a desire to visit Berlin soon.

Auni 'Abd al-Hadi visited Germany in 1939 after the London conference, on Palestine. He was most probably the guest of A.P.A.


Mallmann, Klaus-Michael., Cüppers, Martin. Nazi Palestine: The Plans for the Extermination of the Jews in Palestine. United Kingdom: Enigma Books, 2010. 38-9.


According to the German consul in Jaffa, Timotheus Wurst, in late March 1936 the Muslim Palestinians were "deeply impressed by fascist, particularly National Socialist, teachings and views. National Socialism, with its anti-Jewish notions, has struck a chord among the Arabs of Palestine... battle against Zionism. Among the Arabs, fascism and National Socialism have in many cases become the standards against which all other political systems and teachings are measured, and, in the eyes of many Arabs, Adolf Hitler is without a doubt simply the most important man of the 20th century. Our Führer's popularity is so great that there can hardly be a single Arab, even the lowliest peasant, who doesn't know the name of Hitler."
Like the Boy Scouts, the Istiqlal Party in particular has "embraced the National Socialist theses to the greatest extent.
The Istiqlal Party organ, The Defense, has a markedly National Socialist orientation."

One year later, the Völkischer Beobachter printed an interview with the party's president, Auni Abd el-Hadi.
In the interview, he admitted proudly that while he was interned by the British he had thoroughly worked through the English translation of Mein Kampf.


Confidential British Foreign Office Political Correspondence: Palestine, 1947-1948. United Kingdom: University Publications of America, 1996. 8.


Shukairy, a member of both the Istiqlal Party (pro-Nashashibi) and the Palestine Arab Party (pro-Mufti) in 1944...


Ency. of the (Arab) Palestinians, Facts on File, 2005, p. 447:

Shuqayri Ahmad

1908–1980 Tibnin, Lebanon

Born in Lebanon during the exile of his father, al- Shaykh As'ad Shuqayri, Ahmad Shuqayri pursued his studies in the family's hometown of Acre and in Jerusalem after his return to Palestine in 1916.

He studied at the American University of Beirut in 1926–27 until his expulsion by French authorities for participation in Arab nationalist activities. Shuqayri continued his involvement in nationalist activities after returning to Palestine and studying Law.
He became active on the Istiqlal Party and was employed by the prominent Palestinian lawyer and nationalist Awni Abd Al-Hadi. Shuqayri defended Palestinians arrested by the British on security charges during the 1930s, until he fled into exile in Cairo on the defeat of the Arab revolt in 1939.


Notables and nationalism: a history of palestinian arab politics, 1917-1939

by PJ Smith · 2010 — The Istiqlal leaders – Akram Zu'aytir, 'Awni 'Abd al-Hadi, 'Izzat Darwaza and. Ahmad al-Shuqayri – came from Nablus and the northern districts of Palestine.


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