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Your grand mother missed a lot of history !

Reader comment on item: The Jewish-Muslim Connection: Traditional Ways of Life
in response to reader comment: One womans view of the Jewish-Arab conflict

Submitted by sumaiiah (United Arab Emirates), Jan 14, 2011 at 13:57

your grand mother went totally wrong darling no matter how old she was , she missed lots of history

check the history of midievel islam , and you will find out how muslim contributed to civilisation in every thing you can emagine and before any one else too , where at that time western people had no civilisation at all

the muslim scientest contributed in many aspects including :

Will Durant wrote in The Story of Civilization IV: The Age of Faith:

"Chemistry as a science was almost created by the Muslim; for in this field, where the Greeks (so far as we know) were confined to industrial experience and vague hypothesis, the Saracens introduced precise observation, controlled experiment, and careful records. They invented and named the alembic (al-anbiq), chemically analyzed innumerable substances, composed lapidaries, distinguished alkalis and acids, investigated their affinities, studied and manufactured hundreds of drugs. Alchemy, which the Moslems inherited from Egypt, contributed to chemistry by a thousand incidental discoveries, and by its method, which was the most scientific of all medieval operations."

Chemical processes

The following chemical processes were invented by Muslim chemists:

Cocotion (or digestion), ceration, lavage, and mixture.

Dry distillation

Purification and oxidisation: Invented by Jābir ibn Hayyān.

Steam distillation: Invented by Abncenna in the early 11th century for the purpose of producing essential oils.

Water purification

Food and drink

Coffee: The earliest credible evidence of either coffee drinking or knowledge of the coffee tree appears in the middle of the 15th century, in the Sufi monasteries of the Yemen in southern Arabia.[16] It was in Yemen that coffee beans were first roasted and brewed as they are today. From Mocha, coffee spread to Egypt and North Africa, and by the 16th century, it had reached the rest of the Middle East, Persia and Turkey. From the Muslim world, coffee drinking spread to Italy, then to the rest of Europe, and coffee plants were transported by the Dutch to the East Indies and to the Americas.

Confectionery: Due to advances in sugar production and the invention of sugar refineries, this led to the production of early confectioneries by the Arabs.

Pure distilled alcohol and ethanol: First isolated by Al-Kindi (Alkindus) in the 9th century.

Restaurant and three-course meal: The earliest restaurants came into existence throughout the Islamic world from the 10th century, shortly before restaurants appeared in China in the 11th century. The Islamic world had "restaurants where one could purchase all sorts of prepared dishes." These restaurants were mentioned by Al-Muqaddasi (born 945) in the late 10th century. Restaurants in medieval Islamic Spain served three-course meals, which was earlier introduced in the 9th century by Ziryab, who insisted that meals should be served in three separate courses consisting of soup, the main course, and dessert.

and you may also search about the following things i will mention:

Civil engineering
Architecture
Industrial milling

Cosmetics
Hygiene
Perfumery

Institutions
collage
agency and aval
the first university
observatory and research institute
charitable institute

Mechanical technology
Automata
Pumps

Medical products
Drugs and medications
Surgical instruments

Military
Defense
Gunpowder technology
Swordmaking

Navigational technology
Instruments
Transport
Aviation

Scientific instruments
Analogue computers
Laboratory apparatus
Mural instruments
Optical instruments

and a lot more , got tired or writing !! gotta figure the rest and its details by your self , good luck :)

Submitting....

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Note: Opinions expressed in comments are those of the authors alone and not necessarily those of Daniel Pipes. Original writing only, please. Comments are screened and in some cases edited before posting. Reasoned disagreement is welcome but not comments that are scurrilous, off-topic, commercial, disparaging religions, or otherwise inappropriate. For complete regulations, see the "Guidelines for Reader Comments".

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