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Sectarian Milieu

Reader comment on item: Dhimmis No More
in response to reader comment: Arab vowels, Qeryana, Samaritans etc.

Submitted by gato branco (United States), Feb 9, 2018 at 03:22

The configuration of sectarian milieu for the early 7th century in North-East Arabia and al-Sham and Iraq

-The community of Mushrikoon (mentioned in Qeryana) - mostly Monophysite Christians, many still undergoing the process of transition from pagan religions to Christianity. Worship of Saints, Angels and Mary, divinization of Jesus strongly prevalent, identification of older pagan deities with new saints and angels fairly current, numerous pagan survivals in customs and practices. Probably strongly influenced by the Origenism and the doctrine of Apokatastasis(believing that salvation consists in disembodiment and restitution of souls into the Divinity, rejecting judgement and bodily resurrection). Mushrikoon mentioned in Qeryana - mostly agriculturalists, but traders as well.

-the community of Believers mentioned in Qeryana probably an ex-Samaritan Judeo-Christian sect, strictly monotheistic, rejecting "shirk" - association of lesser beings with God, recognizing Jesus as Messias, emphasizing his humanity and rejecting his divinity but not considering him to be "a mere man". Have a local temple(probably intially shared with "mushrikuun", practice animal sacrifices and keep some Judaic customs. Mostly traders.

-Nasaara - probably an umbrella term for all groups who recognize Jesus as Messias which could have different theologies(monophysite, nestorian, chalcedonian etc.)

-Rabbinical Jews. Living in numerous places - certain areas of Palestine, Madina, Yemen and especially central Babylonia(Iraq, but not exclusively there

-Samaritans - strongly reduced in number after their failed insurrection of 529-531, live in Samaria

-Mandeans - a sect in Southern Iraq, their founder is considered John the Baptist. Probably identical with "Sabians" mentioned in Qeryana, although other hypotheseis exist(that they were Manicheans for example)

-Various surviving "pagan" groups including so called "Sabians of Harran" strongly influenced by neoplatonist philosophies and Babylonian atrology. Probably that various pagan groups may still have existed in various regions of Fertile Crescent and Arabia but in many places "paganism" was on the of wane or already disappeared.

-Persian Zoroastrists who by 600 controlled Iraq and Yemen, and after 610 occupied Greater Syria and Egypt for a short time.

Submitting....

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