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627: Muhammad massacred 700 Jews of Medina for refusing to convert to his

Reader comment on item: Jews and the Qur'an
in response to reader comment: Muhammad and the Jews

Submitted by Saul (United States), Mar 14, 2022 at 17:37

Navon, Emmanuel. The Star and the Scepter: A Diplomatic History of Israel. United States: Jewish Publication Society, 2020. 54

[ https://books.google.com/books?id=kOT8DwAAQBAJ&pg=PA54 ]

For Islam, which claims to have "succeeded" both Judaism and Christianity, the Jews were guilty of not accepting Muhammad's "prophecy." Since they had refused to join Dar al-Islam (the house of Islam), they belonged to Dar al-Harab (the territor of war) and were therefore a legitimate target of Jihad. In 627 Muhammad massacred the Jews of Medina (in the Arabian Peninsula), beheading men and enslaving women and children. In Muslim lands, those Jews who refused to convert yet bowed to Islamic rule were tolerated as dhimmis, that is, second-class citizens. They had to pay a special tax, they were not allowed to ride horses, and their houses had to be lower than those of Muslims.
The Muslim sovereign could also revoke their dhimmi status at any time.

With the conquest of the Land of Israel by Muslim armies in 635, the Jews became dhimmis in their own land. The land itself suffered from Muslim rule...

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