Iraq - A Province of Iran?
by Daniel Pipes
Translations of this item:
After American forces leave Iraq at the end of 2011, Tehran will try to turn its neighbor into a satrapy, i.e., a satellite state, to the great detriment of Western, moderate Arab, and Israeli interests.
Intense Iranian efforts are already underway, with Tehran sponsoring militias in Iraq and sending its own forces into Iraqi border areas. Baghdad responds with weakness, with its chief of staff proposing a regional pact with Iran and top politicians ordering attacks on the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq (MeK), an Iranian dissident organization with 3,400 members resident in Camp Ashraf, 60 miles northeast of Baghdad. The MeK issue reveals Iraqi subservience to Iran with special clarity. Note some recent developments:
This incident took place despite fresh pledges by Baghdad to treat the Iranian dissidents humanely and to protect them. U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman John Kerry rightly described the attack as a "massacre" while former governor Howard Dean called the Iraqi prime minister a "mass murderer." The U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights "condemned" the attack and the U.N. Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) expressed "deep concern."
On April 24, despite United Nations insistence that "Camp Ashraf residents be protected from forcible deportation, expulsion or repatriation," Baghdad and Tehran signed an extradition agreement which state-controlled Iranian media interprets as a mechanism forcibly to transfer MeK members to Iran, where they anticipate a horrific fate.
Iraqi maltreatment of Iranian dissidents both raises humanitarian concerns and points to the MeK's larger importance as a mechanism to thwart the U.S. goal of minimizing Tehran's influence in Iraq.
That said, Washington – which granted "protected persons" status to the Ashraf residents in 2004 in exchange for their surrendering arms – bears partial responsibility for the attacks on Ashraf; in 1997, it threw a sop to Tehran and, contrary to both fact and law, wrongly listed (and continues to list) the MeK as a "Foreign Terrorist Organization."
Baghdad exploits this terrorist tag. For example, Congressman Brad Sherman (Democrat of California) reports that "in private discussions the Iraqi ambassador's office has said the blood is not on the hands of the Iraqi government but is at least partially on the hands of the State Department because the MeK is listed as a terrorist group and accordingly, Iraq doesn't feel that it has to respect the human rights of those in the camp." The terrorist designation also offers Baghdad a pretext to expel Ashraf's residents and possibly extradite them to Iran.
Now is the time urgently to act on Camp Ashraf - a bellwether of growing Iranian influence over Iraq - before Tehran turns Iraq into a satrapy.
May 12, 2011 update: For an exchange between Francis J. Brooke, long time Washington representative of Ahmad Chalabi's Iraqi National Congress, and myself on the Camp Ashraf situation, see "Come on, now!"'
May 12, 2011 bis update: I lacked space above to include a quote from former U.S. attorney general Michael Mukasey: "What has enabled this [attack on Ashraf] ... is the continued listing of the MeK as a terrorist organization."
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