69 million page views

Amin al-Husseini planned a final solution for the Jews (translated article)

Reader comment on item: The Grand Mufti

Submitted by Aaron (United States), Dec 30, 2021 at 02:31

Amin al-Husseini planned a final solution for the Jews

Rivka Shpak Lissak - Ph.D. in American History

Amin al-Husseini planned a final solution for the Jews

Official documents prove that Haj Amin did his best to prevent the immigration of Jews from Eastern Europe and addressed the German authorities in this matter - he appealed to the governments of Bulgaria and Hungary to prevent the immigration of Jews to Israel and offered to deport the Jews to Poland, where the Nazi extermination machine operated.

- - -

Palestinians often compare Israel to Nazi Germany, while Arabs in general, including Israeli Arabs (Palestinians) and Muslims not only identified with Nazi ideology, but also collaborated and even volunteered to serve in the SS.

A. The Mufti and Hitler

Haj Amin bin Taher bin Mustafa bin Taher bin Alaswadi-Al-Husseini, was born in 1895 in Jerusalem to a religious family from the Hejaz region of the Arabian Peninsula. Branches of the family also live in Gaza (family relations to Yasser Arafat), and in Lod. In 1921 he was appointed Mufti of Alquds in Mandatory Jerusalem. A year later he was appointed head of the "Supreme Muslim Council" of Mandatory Palestine. He held this position until the day of his death. The Mufti opposed the idea of ​​a national home for the Jewish people in Israel and acted to prevent its establishment in harassment and murderous activity of gangs against the Jewish community.

His actions against the Mandatory regime led to his ouster and escape from the country. After wandering in Arab countries he came to Germany. The Mufti met with Hitler on November 28, 1941 and found a sympathetic ear in Hitler. In Rome and Berlin, offices of the "Supreme Arab Committee" were set up, headed by him, and he began his activities alongside the Axis powers.

The Axis countries have agreed to commit to the Mufti for the following:

1. Recognition of the right of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Palestine to independence.

2. Recognition of the Arab right to Palestine and the abolition of the "League of Nations" program for the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine. According to a memorandum by Schmitt on the meeting between Hitler and the Mufti dated 28.11.1941 as recorded on 30.11.1941.

3. Preventing at all costs the immigration of Jews to Palestine and torpedoing any transaction or cooperation aimed at rescuing Jews. There is evidence in Jenny Lebel's book, Haj Amin and Berlin, about coordinated activity between the Nazis and the Mufti to prevent Jewish immigration.

There were also additional demands that were not directly related to the Palestinians. Hitler agreed in principle to these demands but argued that it was too early to announce them and that one should wait for the defeat of the Allies.

The Mufti announced this German commitment already in his speeches to the Volunteer Regiment in North Africa and Eastern Europe, which were responded to. Even Hitler, who was surprised by the mobilization and organization of the Muslims who joined him, responded: I am not afraid of Anglo-American-Jewish imperialism and not of Jewish world communism but of Islam.

The cooperation of the Mufti is reflected in the following areas:

1. Training of young Palestinians in military colleges in Germany.

2. Recruitment of an army of 100,000 Bosnians to assist the armies of the Axis countries.

3. Participation in the Rashid Ali Al-Khilani Revolt in Iraq (a revolt organized by his exemplary envoy against English rule in Iraq). In 1941.

4. Establishment of the "Free Arabian [Legion]," an Arab unit within the framework of the German Wehrmacht.

5. Receiving many weapons for the war in Palestine. The weapons were stored in Libya, Egypt and Rhodes.

6. Establishment of an Islamic Institute (al Dawah) for the training of a pro-German Muslim cadre in Germany. This infrastructure is designed to create a cadre of Muslims who will support the Germans and recruit Muslims from all over the world to take advantage of all the military aspects required for the establishment of an Islamic army alongside the Axis powers.

7. Activities to prevent the rescue of Jewish children from Croatia, Budapest and from all over Hungary:

Official documents prove that Haj Amin did his best to prevent the immigration of Jews from Eastern Europe and addressed the German authorities in this regard during June 1944. He visited Mussolini in Italy on this matter and in the Mufti's letter of 10 June 1943 to Mussolini the Duce of Italy Among other things, the immigration of 700 children from Poland who have relatives in Palestine. He appealed to the governments of Bulgaria and Hungary to prevent Jews from immigrating to Israel and offered to deport the Jews to Poland, where the Nazi extermination machine operated.

8. Joining a Muslim partner in Eichmann's "Jewish Department" that organized the final solution of European Jewry. Husseini even took part in a tour of Auschwitz with Eichmann to examine the process of exterminating the Jews in the gas chambers.

9. Involvement in "Operation Atlas" - Poisoning of the springs of Rosh HaAyin to kill the residents of Tel Aviv and the surrounding colonies (Gush Dan today). German and Palestinian paratroopers parachuted into the Jericho area along with 10 deadly poison tanks that were estimated to kill a quarter of a million people.

The best source for the Mufti's crimes is Jenny [Zeni] Lebl Lebel's brave book "Haj Amin and Berlin." The advantages in this book that he wrote a prominent indictment against the Mufti are as follows:

1. The book contains photographs of original letters alongside other sources.

2. The documentation in the book is mostly based on German documentation and the translation of German certificates and the German and Yugoslav press.

For the Mufti's cooperation with the Nazis he received a monthly grant of 50,000 marks and another 25,000 in foreign currency. The grant would be budgeted from Jewish property confiscated by the Nazis.

Arab sources

The Arab sources confirm all the findings in the book and even strengthen them. The Mufti's account, "haqiqat ..." [The Truth About the Palestine Problem] in which he claims that Hitler hated the Jews and wanted to exterminate them because they were guilty of the German loss in World War I, they harmed the German war effort and caused great losses in the war and even used a spy service against Germany . That is why in World War II Hitler is now avenging this cursed [sic] race.

The Mufti cited in a book letters of congratulations he had personally received from Hitler, supporting the Palestinian struggle for the Land of Israel. To him Hitler is a noble personality. All this is based on his words in Arabic in a book he wrote and published in the 1950s.

B. The plan to establish a concentration camp for the extermination of the Jews in the gases in the Jenin area.

The Mufti did not hide his ambition to cooperate with Hitler in Europe in the final solution, which also included the extermination of the Jews of Israel, in a concentration camp to be established in the Jenin area after General Rommel's future victory over el-Alemein and the British conquest. In his Arabic-language broadcasts on German radio, the Mufti called for genocide: "Kill the Jews wherever you find them - for the sake of Allah, history and religion."

Prof. Edward Said... confirmed that in the Mufti's call for the elimination of the Jewish people he "represented the consensus of the Palestinian Arabs" and served as the mouthpiece of the Palestinian people. It is a fact that Yasser Arafat did not disregard the actions of the Mufti and called him "our hero" (according to an article by Dr. David Silverklang in Yad Vashem).

Prof. Bernard Lewis (Semites and Anti-Semites, 1986), a world-renowned Orientalist, wrote in his 1986 book, Heaven and Anti-Semitism, that the Mufti called the German consul in Jerusalem as early as 1933, to promote cooperation between The Arabs and Nazi Germany.

Two German historians, Klaus Michael Mallmann and Martin Cuppers, who researched the subject, published an article entitled: Elimination of the Jewish National Home in Palestine: The Einsatzkommando of the Panzer Army Africa, 1942.

They discovered that in 1942, at the request of the Mufti, the Germans established a special force of the SS called the "Einsatzgruppe Egypt [Ägypten]" to carry out the concentration of Israeli Jews in a concentration camp and their final liquidation. The Group, led by Walter Rauf 24 fighters, 7 officers and 17 soldiers, and annexed to General Rommel's army. Rauf flew on July 20, 1942 to Tobruk, the Italian base in Libya, near the Egyptian border to transfer his unit to Rommel's command and receive instructions from him to Athens to organize the operation he headed and waited in Athens for Rommel's victory at El Alamein in order to come to Israel and organize the final solution of the Jews of Israel.

Walter Rauf was appointed to the SS unit that would exterminate the Jews of Israel due to the role he provided as a supply officer who provided transportation and gas to the Einsatzgruppen in the USSR, to eliminate the Jews there. The officers attached to his unit were Middle Eastern experts and had contacts with local Arabs and some also had experience operating in the Einsatzgruppen. According to the study, the unit was about to receive help and cooperation from local Arabs. , Walter Schellenberg (Klaus Michael Melman is the director of the Nazi Research Center in Ludwigburg).

To the chagrin of the Mufti, the Arabs of the Land and the Germans, the British General Montgomery won the Battle of El Alamein in early September 1942 and thwarted the final solution of the Jews of Israel. Walter Rauf and his unit returned to Berlin.

Third. Operation Atlas

The Mufti persuaded the Nazis to fund an Arab revolt against the British in the country during World War II to create another front for the Allies. The plan was to parachute paratroopers who knew the country, to organize the revolt.

The paratroop squad was composed of three Germans born in the Templar colonies in Israel, Werner Frank from the German colony in Jerusalem and Friedrich Deininger Schaefer from the German colony Waldheim (now Aloni Abba). They had traveled to Germany before to join the Wehrmacht. They served in the "Brandenburg" division. Friedrich, was in contact with the Mufti during the Arab revolt against the British in 1936 - 1939...

The paratroop squad also included Arabs from the country. Hassan Salameh, from the village of Kola, was one of the leaders of the Arab uprising in the country in 1936 - 1939 and was forced to flee the country after the failure of the uprising. Abdul Latif was an Arab from Jerusalem who also took part in the uprising and was exiled by the British to Iraq.

The plan of the operation was to dump poison in the wells of Rosh HaAyin, from which the water was transferred to the residents of Tel Aviv and the surrounding area. The goal was to poison the residents and cause their deaths. Planners estimate that the death toll from the poisoning will reach 250,000.

On the night of October 6, 1944 the paratroopers parachuted over the Jericho area. They had maps, radios, explosives and about 10 boxes containing poison that dissolves in water. They were equipped with small arms and battle rations and were also given a sum of 5,000 pounds for their use.

After parachuting they hid in a cave in Wadi Qelt. One of the squad's equipment farms was discovered by Bedouin boys. They spread a rumor about gold coins found in the sack and the rumor about it spread and reached the British commander of the Jerusalem area police. Police have begun a search for equipment bag owners. In the meantime, Abdul Latif contacted Arab police, who participated in the search squad and they provided the squad with water and information.

On October 16, 1944, two Germans and Abdul Latif were captured in the cave. Hassan Salameh and Friedrich D. Schaefer were not apprehended. Hassan fled to his hometown of Qula and later became active in the fight against the UN resolution of 1947 against the Jewish community. He established a base in Ramla, organized a gang of Arabs, and volunteers from Europe, and harassed Jewish transportation to Jerusalem and surrounding communities. He himself was assassinated on May 31, 1948 by the Irgun.

D. Muslims from the SS in Kaukji's 'Liberation Army in 1947/8

The experience gained by Muslim soldiers, recruited by the Mufti, in the SS in World War II, was exploited when many of them were added to Kaukji's 'Liberation Army' who invaded the country immediately after the 1947 UN resolution. (On the Muslims in the SS: George F.Nafziger, The German Order of Battle: Waffen SS and Other Units in World War Two).

E. The Mufti was declared a war criminal after World War II

After the war, Yugoslavia added Mufti Haj Amin to the list of war criminals operating on its territory. Resolution No. 1892 of the "Yugoslav War Crimes Commission" put him on the list in a resolution of July 19, 1945. He appeared on a list of top criminals who have committed international crimes on Yugoslav soil, in accordance with Article 23 of the 1943 Hague Convention. This is because he organized the recruitment of Bosnian Muslims to the Waffen-S Division. Ace in favor of Germany. This activity was done on the land of Yugoslavia. The committee's arguments are still valid today. The "Committee for War Criminals of Bosnia and Herzegovina" also made a similar decision No. 190 on August 17, 1945. Both lists were submitted to the UN as required. Yugoslavia demanded his extradition from France but withdrew as a result of heavy pressure apparently from Arab leaders and the USSR. But the Mufti's name still appears on the list of UN World War II criminals.

The Mufti was apprehended according to one version, at the end of the war by the French army and imprisoned. According to a second version, he fled from Germany to France before its fall and hid there for fear of being arrested by the Allies. During his stay in France there were many calls in England to prosecute him for his activities alongside Nazi Germany because he was considered a sponsor of the British Mandate that worked against the British in the Arab world and in Europe. He also called for jihad against the British and all his actions during the war were in favor of Germany. There have also been calls in the United States to prosecute him in Nuremberg,

But Arab states, which saw him as a national hero, demanded his release. Western countries feared the Arab response. France allowed him to flee in order to evade prosecution. He settled in Egypt.

The Mufti was involved in attacks on the Jewish settlement immediately after the UN decision in 1947 and even called on the country's Arabs to leave temporarily to facilitate the conquest of the land by "throwing the Jews into the sea." (See, Shaul Bartal, "ha-Palesṭinim meha-Nakbah le-Fedaʼayun," 1949-1956)

From Cairo the Mufti moved to the capitals where he lived safely away from the persecutors until his death in 1974. The Palestinian leader, who is revered by the Palestinians to this day, has tried several times to organize the total elimination of the Jewish population in Israel. Fortunately, his efforts have not been crowned with success.


Note: Opinions expressed in comments are those of the authors alone and not necessarily those of Daniel Pipes. Original writing only, please. Comments are screened and in some cases edited before posting. Reasoned disagreement is welcome but not comments that are scurrilous, off-topic, commercial, disparaging religions, or otherwise inappropriate. For complete regulations, see the "Guidelines for Reader Comments".

Follow Daniel Pipes

Facebook   Twitter   RSS   Join Mailing List

All materials by Daniel Pipes on this site: © 1968-2023 Daniel Pipes. daniel.pipes@gmail.com and @DanielPipes

Support Daniel Pipes' work with a tax-deductible donation to the Middle East Forum.Daniel J. Pipes

(The MEF is a publicly supported, nonprofit organization under section 501(c)3 of the Internal Revenue Code.

Contributions are tax deductible to the full extent allowed by law. Tax-ID 23-774-9796, approved Apr. 27, 1998.

For more information, view our IRS letter of determination.)