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Submitted by George (United States), Jul 23, 2020 at 23:45

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Haj Mohammed Amin Al-Husseini (1895-1973) was the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem during the early 20th century and during World War II.

Life

In 1929 Al-Husseini began to agitate the Arabs to riot against the Jewish community, distributing leaflets and stirring up anti-Jewish sentiment. Among these were leaflets stating that the Jews were planning to take over the al-Aqsa Mosque.[1] These tirades led to the 1929 Hebron massacre, in which 67 Jews were slaughtered.
An outspoken anti-Semite, he had a very close friendship with Adolf Hitler and visited Islamic SS units, such as the Handschar Brigade. Al-Husseini also cheered Hitler's deadly "Final Solution." In 1943, after learning of the murder of European Jewry, the mufti declared that Germany had "decided to find a final solution to the Jewish danger that would remove their harm from the world."[2][3]
In 1945, Al-Husseini was captured with many Nazis at Nuremberg and was labeled a war criminal, but he escaped and fled to Egypt, where he lived until his death in 1973.

Highlights

1. Began his dangerous incitement since at least the 1920.[4] "His speeches, pamphlets and articles in the newspaper Suria al Jenobia (Southern Syria) were primarily responsible for the outbreak of the 1920 pogrom in Jerusalem."[5] It was after the mob was protesting the British, they turned on the Jews. British Court found al-Husseini main culprit.[6]
2. Pushed to the Hebron 1929 massacre where an Arab "mob slaughtered 67 Jews while over 400 were saved by local Arab families."[7][8] "Jews of all ages were attacked at random – men, women and children alike were the targets of the fury of the Arab mob. Women were raped, children were bludgeoned to death, and men stabbed and mutilated.... Photographs from the time show a girl struck on the head by a sword with her brain spilling out, a woman with bandaged hands, people with their eyes gouged out, a man whose hand had been savagely amputated, and other grisly sights. It's important to note that some Arabs did try to help Jews as the Hebron massacre unfolded. Nineteen Arab families saved dozens, if not hundreds, of Hebron's Jews."[9]
3. Helped in Nazi inspired Arab massacre of Jews in Iraq 1941. The FARHUD, where between 180 - 780 Jews died and 1,000 injured at the hands of Arab-Nazi Futuwwa under Rashid 'Ali.[10][11] [12][13][14]
4. Active in organizing SS Nazi Muslim division in Yugoslavia especially detriment to Hungarian Jews.[15] And to Christians in the Balkan.[16]
5. Met Adolf Hitler in November-28-1941, whose agents had to convince themselves he is not "pure arab" in blood[17] yet, the nazi leader still refused to shake his hand[18] or drink coffee with him[19] for considering Arabs inferior. They agreed on cooperation against Jews.[20]
6. Broadcasted over the airways to the Muslim world anti Jewish incitement to kill Jews.[21] wherever they "find them."[22][23]
On May 9, 1941, he broadcasted over the Iraqi and Axis radios fatwa, announcing a jihad (holy war) against Britain "and urged every Moslem to join in the struggle against the greatest foe of Islam." [24]
7. Prevented rescue of children of Bialystok, 1943.[25][26]
8. Under his leadership, the 1944 Atlas-Operation, failed, where (some estimate) "a quarter of million people would have died if the plot had succeeded".[27]

Later he would write in his memoirs, "Our fundamental position for cooperating with Germany was a free hand to eradicate every last Jew from Palestine and the Arab world. I asked Hitler for an explicit undertaking to allow us to solve the Jewish problem in a befitting our national and racial aspirations, and according to the scientific methods innovated by Germany in the handling of its Jews. The answer I got was: 'The Jews are yours'." [28][29]

Legacy

Terrorist Yasser Arafat was a distant cousin of him and always revered him as his beloved hero and mentor. In April 1985 Arafat explained he took "immense pride" in being Al-Husseini's student and emphasized that the Palestine Liberation Organization "is continuing the path" he set.[30][31]
On January 4, 2013, President of the so-called "State of Palestine" Mahmoud Abbas, spoke glowingly of the legacy of the Godfather of the PLO, the Mufti of Jerusalem.[32]

Further reading

Among his admirers, was:
Sufi Hamid[33][34] (convert to Islam), known in the 1930's as Black Hitler calling to drive out Italians and Jews in NY.[35]

Among his hemchmen:
1. Issa Nakhleh [36] , the liar holocaust denier already in 1972[37][38] (uttering his vile lying denial, only less than 3 decades after the horrors). Then denying again in 1978 to disrupt the historic peace summit between Begin and Sadat at Camp David.[39]. Linked to major neo nazis, spoke at holocaust deniers IHR[40] on behalf of Muslim Congress[41], worked with the neo Nazis[42], wrote for them and defended infamous denier Ditlieb. His book - so-called "Palestine encyclopedia," described by American Library Association as just an anti-Israel propaganda piece.[43]

2. Ahmad Shukairy, on the Nazi side during WW2[44], fighting for them in Mufti's fanatical gang[45], known for his calls for genocide[46][47][48], and for inventing[49] apartheid slander in Oct.17.1961, a little over a year before he saluted Nazi gang[50][51], which caused his removal[52] from UN post. He fired up his followers into Jihad, and said that anyone "who ever dares to speak in public of Arab friendship-with the United States in any Arab village or town would be torn to pieces."[53]
He vowed to set up a "purely Arab government" for all of Palestine.[54][55]
After his demise, Arabs' defeat at the six-day 1967 war, at times he tried to rewrite his annihilation statement made before that war. Yet, even author Moshe Shemesh concluded that his words lents credibility that he meant annihilation.[56] On other occasions Shukairy admitted it but lamented that he is singled out for this among other Arab leaders. As Swiss journalist reported.[57]

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References

[1[ Segev, Tom One Palestine, Complete New York: Metropolitan Books (1999) ISBN 0-8050-4848-0

[2] 'The Eichmann Trial,' Deborah Esther Lipstadt - Nextbook/Schocken, 2011, p.104

[3] Nazi Palestine:The Plans for the Extermination of the Jews in Palestine. Volume 8 of Publications of the Ludwigsburg Research Unit, Stuttgart University Volume 8 of Veröffentlichungen der Forschungsstelle Ludwigsburg der Universität Stuttgart, by Klaus-Michael Mallmann, Martin CüppersTranslated by Krista Smith, Enigma Books, 2013, p.97

[4] The Evening Star, Bradford, Pa., June 12, 1946, p.3, MacKenzie Column: 'The Grand Mufti Is on the Loose Again.'

[5] The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, Volume 5, Isaac Landman, ‎Louis Rittenberg, ‎Simon Cohen, 1941, p.507

[6] David Brog, 'Reclaiming Israel's History: Roots, Rights, and the Struggle for Peace,' 2017

[7] 'This Week in History: The 1929 Hebron Massacre,' by Michael Omer-Man, Jerusalem Post, Aug. 26, 2011

[8] 'Moslems Denounce Mufti of Palestine,' by Joseph M. Levy. Staff Correspondent of the New York Times, Sept. 19, 1929

[9] 90 Years Ago: The Hebron Massacre of 1929. By Emanuel Miller, H.R., August 23, 2019

[10] Edwin Black: 'The Farhud: Roots of the Arab-Nazi Alliance During the Holocaust,' C-Span, Dec.19.2010

[11] 'When Nazism met Arabism. When Baghdad Burned: The June 1941 Farhud Massacre.' E. Black, Israel National News, 27/05/15

[12] 'By the Rivers of Babylon,' Khalid Kishtainy, Quartet, 2008, pp.76,90

[13] 'Farhud memories: Baghdad's 1941 slaughter of the Jews.' By Sarah EhrlichReporter, Witness, BBC, 1 June 2011

[14] Carole L. Basri: 'The Jews of Iraq: A Forgotten Case of Ethnic Cleansing,' 2003, p.12

[15] 'The Arab chapter of the Holocaust,' By Dr. M. Kedar, IsraelHayom, May, 2, 2019

[16] 'Britain's Moment in Palestine: Retrospect and Perspectives, 1917-1948,' Michael J Cohen, Routledge, Feb 24, 2014 , p.433

[17] 'The Arabs and the Holocaust: The Arab-Israeli War of Narratives,' Gilbert Achcar, Henry Holt and Company, Apr 27, 2010, p.156

[18] Britain's Unfulfilled Mandate for Palestine,' Nick Reynold, Lexington Books, Jun 12, 2014, p.237

[19] 'The Evasive Neutral: Germany, Britain, and the Quest for a Turkish Alliance in the Second World War,' Frank G. Weber, University of Missouri Press, 1979, p.104

[20] 'The Mufti of Jerusalem,' Philip Mattar, 1992, p.102

[21] 'A Genealogy of Evil: Anti-Semitism from Nazism to Islamic Jihad,' David Patterson, Cambridge University Press, Oct 18, 2010, p.258

[22] Jihad and International Security, J. Roshandel, ‎S. Chadha, 2006, p.31

[23] The Control Factor: Our Struggle to See the True Threat,' 2012, p.114

[24] Joseph B. Schechtman: 'The Mufti and the Fuehrer: The Rise and Fall of Haj Amin El-Husseini,' 1965, p.110

[25] 'The Jews of Bialystok During World War II and the Holocaust,' Sara Bender, UPNE, 2008, p.273

[26] 'Jews for Sale?: Nazi-Jewish Negotiations, 1933-1945,' p.88 Yehuda Bauer, Yale University Press, 1994

[27] 'Hitler's war against Jews continues in 'Palestine',' by Richard Mather, Jerusalem Post, March.11.2015

[28] Israel on Israel, Michel Korinman, John Laughland, Vallentine Mitchell, 2008, p.72

[29] David Patterson: A Genealogy of Evil: Anti-Semitism from Nazism to Islamic Jihad,' 2010, p.120

[30] Hitler's Mufti, by David G. Dalin, August 2005

[31] 'The Mufti's Violent Legacy,' by David Bedein, May 19, 2012, Aish

[32] PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas Commemorates "Martyrs" from Fatah, Hamas, and Other Factions, MEMRI, Jan 4, 2013

[33] What Went Wrong?..., Murray Friedman, Simon and Schuster, Sep 11, 2007, p.93

[34] Page 12-A The Jewish Floridian/Friday, January 10, 1986

[35] 'BLACK HITLER' JAILED TO AWAIT SENTENCE.' The New York Times, Jan. 16, 1935, p.7

[36] The Nation, Volume 164, J.H. Richards, 1947, p.561

[37] National Lampoon, 1973, p.58

[38] Jewish Observer and Middle East Review, Volume 2, p.7, William Samuel & Company Limited, 1972

[39] Icon of Evil: Hitler's Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam,' David G. Dalin, John F. Rothmann, Random House Publishing Group, Jun 24, 2008, p.120

[40] 'Holocaust Denial,' Kenneth Saul Stern, American Jewish Committee, 1993, p.170

[41] 'The Holocaust Denial: Antisemitism, Racism & the New Right,' Gill Seidel, Beyond the Pale Collective, 1986, p.28

[42] 'The American Spectator,' Volume 19, 1986, p.20

[43] Reference & User Services Quarterly, Volume 45, Issues 1-4, 2005, p.78, American Library Association

[44] Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ... Congress, United States Congress, 1965, p.456

[45] Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ..., Volume 107, Part 24, United States Congress 1961, p.5735

[46] 'New Middle East,' Issues 16-39, 1970, p.4

[47] Two Palestinian dreams: Exterminate Israel and a real nation-state,' by Clifford D. May, Washington Times, February 4, 2020

[48] The Palestinians' Self-Inflicted Wounds, WashPost, Dec. 18, 1983

[49] 'History's Worst Serial Abusers,' CJnews, December 8, 2014

[50] Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the ..., By United States. Congress, 1965, Volume 111, Part 12, p.15916

[51] Congress Bi-weekly, Volume 29, Issues 9-17, p.2, American Jewish Congress., 1962

[52] 'Recall of Arab Delegate from U.N. is Sought; 'saluted' Tacuara,' JTA, December 3, 1962

[53] The Los Angeles Times, Sunday, December 31, 1967, p.28

[54] The Progress-Index from Petersburg, Virginia, June 13, 1967, p.4: 'Palestine Liberation Group Badly Mauled. By Michael Goldsmith, Beirut, Lebanon (AP). The Arab defeat in the Middle East war leaves a big question mark over the future of the Pafestine Liberation Organization and its firebrand leader -leftist Ahemd Shukairy. Shukairy narrowly escaped capture by Israeli forces in Jerusalem and many of his "Liberation Army" are now prisoners of the Israelis. "We will wipe Israel off the face of the map and no Jew will survive," Shukairy declared two days before the war broke out June 5. He vowed to lead the vanguard of his troops into the Israeli sector of Jerusalem and set up a "purely Arab government" there for all of Palestine.'

[55] 'What Is Future Of Palestine Liberation Forces,' Fort Lauderdale News, June 13, 1967, p.9

[56] Moshe Shemesh: 'Israel Studies,' volume 8, 2003, p.78 '...At the same time, his statement "in my estimate none of them would remain alive" obviously sounded like the intention to destroy or liquidate the Jews and that their fate was sealed. It certainly lent credibility to the claim that he had called for throwing the Jews into the sea.'

[57] The New Middle East, Issues 16-39, New Middle East 1970,p.4: 'Mr Shukairy claims that when in his days of glory he publicly advocated the liquidation of Israel and "sweeping of the Jews into the sea," he reflected the accepted official Arab outlook, an outlook that was changed only by the outcome of the war of 1967. Mr Shukairy is indignant that such extremism should be fathered on him alone.'

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