Let Refugees Remain in Their Own Culture Zones
by Daniel Pipes
Translations of this item:
WT title: "A common culture for refugees"]
The lull in the chemical weapon crisis offers a chance to divert attention to the huge flow of refugees leaving Syria and rethink some misguided assumptions about their future.
About one-tenth of Syria's 22 million residents have fled across an international border, mostly to neighboring Lebanon, Jordan, and Turkey. Unable to cope, their governments are restricting entry, prompting international concern about the Syrians' plight. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, António Guterres, suggests that his agency (as the Guardian paraphrases him) "look to resettle tens of thousands of Syrian refugees in countries better able to afford to host them," recalling the post-2003 Iraqi resettlement program, when 100,000 Iraqis resettled in the West. Others also look instinctively to the West for a solution; the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, for example, has called on Western states "to do more" for Syrian refugees.
The appeal has been heard: Canada has offered to take 1,300 Syrian refugees and the United States 2,000. Italy has received 4,600 Syrian refugees by sea. Germany has offered to take (and has begun receiving) 5,000. Sweden has offered asylum to the 15,000 Syrians already in that country. Local groups are preparing for a substantial influx throughout the West.
But these numbers pale beside a population numbering in the millions, meaning that the West alone cannot solve the Syrian refugee problem. Further, many in Western countries (especially European ones such as the Netherlands and Switzerland) have wearied of taking in Muslim peoples who do not assimilate but instead seek to replace Western mores with the Islamic law code, the Shari'a. Both German chancellor Angela Merkel and British prime minister David Cameron have deemed multiculturalism, with its insistence on the equal value of all civilizations, a failure. Worse, fascist movements such as the Golden Dawn in Greece are growing.
And many more Muslim refugees are likely on their way. In addition to Syrians, these include Bangladeshis, Pakistanis, Afghans, Iranians, Iraqis, Lebanese, Palestinians, Egyptians, Somalis, and Algerians. Other nationals – for example, Yemenis and Tunisians – might soon join their ranks.
Happily, a solution lies at hand.
To place Syrians in "countries better able to afford to host them," as Guterres delicately puts it, one need simply divert attention from the Christian-majority West toward the vast, empty expanses of the fabulously wealthy Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, as well as the smaller but in some cases even richer states of Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. For starters, these countries (which I will collectively call Arabia) are much more convenient to repatriate to Syria from than, say, New Zealand. Living there also means not enduring frozen climes (as in Sweden) or learning difficult languages spoken by few, such as Danish.
More importantly, Muslims of Arabia share deep religious ties with their Syrian brothers and sisters, so settling there avoids the strains of life in the West. Consider some of the haram (forbidden) elements that Muslim refugees avoid by living in Arabia:
Instead, Muslims living in Arabia can rejoice in a law code that (unlike Ireland) permits polygamy and (unlike Britain) allows child marriages. Unlike France, Arabia allows the advocacy of wife-beating and goes easy on female genital mutilation. Unlike the United States, slaveholding does not entail imprisonment and male relatives can honor killing their women-folk without fear of the death penalty.
The example of Syrians and Arabia suggests a far broader point: regardless of affluence, refugees should be allowed and encouraged to remain within their own cultural zone, where they most readily fit in, can best stay true to their traditions, least disrupt the host society, and from whence they might most easily return home. Thus, East Asians should generally resettle in East Asia, Middle Easterners in the Middle East, Africans in Africa, and Westerners in the West.
UN take note: Focus less on the West, more on the rest. As for Saudis: It's time to welcome Muslim coreligionists under stress with open arms.
Sep. 24, 2013 addenda:
(1) I am quite aware that the Saudis and others have no intention of allowing in Syrian or other refugees; that is the implicit premise of my analysis; why should they be rewarded for bad behavior? I am also aware that Syrian refugees have been maltreated in Middle Eastern countries; for example, they have become a handy scapegoat in Egypt.
(2) These broad cultural zones are provisional; their boundaries would need to be worked out.
(3) Exceptions to these cultural zones exist. Middle East Christians, for instance, fit better in the West than in Arabia; and exceptional individuals always deserve special consideration.
(4) Some Middle Eastern economic refugees have discovered China and an increasing number go there on one- to five-year renewable residence permits.
(5) In a tentative list of perpetrators of the Nairobi mall attack, underway as this article was prepared for publication, 10 out of the 16 terrorists hail from the West - 6 from the United States and 1 each from Canada, Great Britain, and Sweden.
(6) A topic I did not discuss in the main article for space reasons: that Syrian and other refugees import their domestic conflicts when they move to the West. For example, see here and here to learn about intra-Syrian tensions in Sydney and Melbourne Australia.
Oct. 2, 2013 update: António Guterres, the United Nations high commissioner for refugees, has announced that 15 governments have accepted special quotas for Syrian refugees, including the American and many European ones. Kristalina Georgieva, the European Union's commissioner for humanitarian affairs and crisis response, said that "We in Europe must not only keep our hearts and wallets open, but also our borders."
Comment: I await hearing her Saudi counterpart saying the same.
Nov. 15, 2013 update: The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has called on the Greek and Bulgarian governments to stop turning back Syrians fleeing the civil war: "Push-backs and prevention of entry can put asylum-seekers at further risk and expose them to additional trauma," demanding an immediate secesation of such practices. Agence France Press notes that more than 10,000 Syrians and others have crossed illegally from Turkey into Bulgaria in 2013.
Also of interest: in response to Bulgarian plans to build a 30-kilometre fence by the Turkish border, a UNHCR spokesman stated that "Introducing barriers, like fences or other deterrents, may lead people to undertake more dangerous crossings and further place refugees at the mercy of smugglers."
Comments: (1) If the Syrian refugees have arrived safely to Turkey, why should further states admit them? They are no longer refugees in search of asylum. Or is this because Turkey does not count as a destination, only Christian-majority countries of Europe do?
(2) What a logic! Building defensive fences puts refugees at great risk of smugglers? How about they just don't try to enter Bulgaria illegally in the first place?
Nov. 26, 2013 update: I focused on culture in the above article; there is also the hygienic dimension. One third of the approximately 350 Syrian refugees treated in Israeli hospitals have been found to carry high levels of dangerous pathogens rare in Israel and resistant to antibiotics. The carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae bacteria, Israel Hayom reports,
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