The Middle Eastern Cold War: Updates
by Daniel Pipes
This weblog entry offers news on the pattern I noted five months ago at "The Middle Eastern Cold War," of an Iranian-led revolutionary bloc vs. a Saudi-Egyptian led status-quo bloc.
Yemen: Iranian backed Shi'i forces in northern Yemen, called the Huthis (or Houthis) seized a border town in Saudi Arabia, Jabal Dukan, provoking the Saudi military to retake it by force, at the cost of lives on both sides. (November 9, 2009) Feb. 11, 2013 update: The Yemeni hotspot of the Middle East's cold war continues. For example, citing a report today from the Meir Yamit Intelligence and Terrorism Center: "On January 23, 2013, the Yemeni coast guard and security services intercepted the Jihan 1, a ship carrying weapons, explosives and military equipment, some of it manufactured in Iran. The ship was en route from Iran and its cargo was intended for delivery to the Houthi Shi'ite rebels in northern Yemen."
Gaza: The Turkish government helped organize a "Free Gaza" flotilla whose passengers' surprise use of violence caught the Israel Defense Forces unprepared and much discredited Israel. (May 31, 2010). June 13, 2010 update: Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestinian Authority has come out against lifting the naval blocade on Gaza, thus aligning himself with Israel and against Hamas.
Lebanon: "Saudi plan for anti-Hezbollah force revealed" by WikiLeaks. According to a U.S. diplomatic cable, Riyadh in May 2008 proposed establishing a Sunni force in Lebanon to fight Iranian-supported Hezbollah. (December 8, 2010)
Egypt: Egyptian strongman Husni Mubarak referred to Iranian influence as "spreading like a cancer" across Arabic-speaking countries in a conversation revealed by the WikiLeaks cache.
The cable goes on to note that "Mubarak's focus on the Iranian threat differs somewhat from ours":
(December 15, 2010)
Overview: Lee Smith looks at the implications of Hamas splitting off from the Syrian regime in "The Road From Damascus" and concludes that "there is … a regionwide war under way: Sunni vs. Shia." (February 29, 2012)
Muslim Brotherhood: A Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated organization, the Cordoba Foundation of London, has published a small bi-lingual booklet, Arab and Muslim National Security: Debating the Iranian Dimension, mostly made up of "key thoughts and ideas from the discussion in chronological order." No. 31 of those key thoughts reads: "Prior to the Syrian revolution, there was no consensus on what constitutes the greatest threat to our national security, but it has since become evident that the Iranian threat is much bigger than American and Israeli threats." (The Arabic version of this point contains more detail but reaches the same conclusion.) (January 11, 2013)
Overview: Barry Rubin writes:
Comment: Interesting conclusion and an additional reason to "Support Assad." (April 15, 2013)
Tripartite cold war: Jonathan Spyer, a Middle East Forum fellow, argues convincingly that the bilateral cold war led by the Iranians and Saudis has gone three-way with the emergence of Qataris and the Muslim Brotherhood:
(March 14, 2014)
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